Dna Synthesis Essay

795 Words 4 Pages
DNA and RNA are nucleic acids that takes part in protein synthesis. The nucleic acid has molecules that are big. Nucleotides has phosphorus, atoms, hydrogen and oxygen that creates them. Each nucleotide has ribosome or deoxyribose. DNA is the genetic material of a cell that has a repeating chain of five-carbon sugars connected together. It has four organic bases which are called nucleotides. There’s also deoxyribose which is a sugar that is in a double helix shape. DNA molecules stores information in a code which is created by the sequence of their four nitrogenous bases that includes Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine and Thymine. Also, DNA is often referred to as the double-helix. RNA is a ribonucleic …show more content…
A part of RNA that is produced by an enzyme binds to the end of the beginning strand. RNA (primer) is the starting point for DNA synthesis. RNA primase is used to add the first nucleotide because polymerase are only able to add to growing strands. On each strand of DNA there is a sequence of nucleotides. The nucleotides is basically the place where the synthesis of a new strand will be made. Each nucleotide has only one base. Which would either be A, T, G, or C. These bases tells you the code of DNA which tells you the sequence of the …show more content…
These end goes in towards the replication fork while the DNA molecule unzips. The enzyme which is analyzing this is called DNA polymerase. The second strand of DNA is built by having polymerase go in and on the strand and fill in the nucleotides backwards. Now these strands will move outwards away from the replication fork. The DNA polymerase starts a burst of synthesis at the replication fork. After all of this the new strand of DNA is than proofread or checked out to make sure that there aren’t any mistakes with the new DNA sequence. Furthermore, the DNA enzyme the seals up the sequence of DNA into two non-stopping double strands. DNA replication is DNA has two molecules that include old and new nucleotides. After the replication process of DNA the new strand of DNA would just wind up to create a double helix. Transcription is making RNA part of a gene sequence. This is when DNA is copied into RNA which would make it a messenger RNA (mRNA). The Mrna molecule is able to leave the nucleus and go to the cytoplasm where it sends messages for the synthesis of

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