Dna Analysis : The New Field Of Archaeology Essay

1544 Words Oct 19th, 2016 7 Pages
This research essay looks at the potentials and limitations of DNA and human remains in archaeological research using two case studies. The first case study focuses on the potentials and limitations of the extraction of Mycobacterium Bovis from DNA to further understand the pathological history of societies in Southern Siberia. The second case study looks into the successful reconstruction of DNA sequences from Neanderthal fossil remains and the limitations that appeared during its study. DNA analysis has made a historical impact to the processes of Archaeological research in human remains and has certainly manifested more potentials than limitations. The reduction of its limitations being a focus for more accurate research will prove to useful in future DNA analysis studies.

DNA analysis has had an active role in archaeological research since it was developed in the early 1980s. The revolutionary new field of archaeology has opened multiple doors for the further understanding of humans’ interaction with their environment. The first study this technique was used in was with material from the Quagga, a South African Equid which became extinct in the 19th Century along with remains of an Egyptian Mummy. Following even more successful studies using DNA analysis, the process remains a crucial part of forensic identification, taxonomy, conservation. DNA typing and molecular analysis of DNA in human remains has numerous potentials in the field of archaeology, nevertheless,…

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