Divine Command Theory, Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, And Virtue Ethics

1466 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 null Page
There are six evaluative principles that are used to evaluate moral theories. They are Consistency, Applicability, Publicity, Internal Support, External Support, and Explanatory Power. I am going to evaluate Divine Command Theory, Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, and Virtue Ethics using these six evaluative principles. First is Divine Command Theory (DCT). For Consistency, DCT is consistent because God either commands an act to be either right, wrong, or it is permissible if God has not claimed if it is right or wrong. An example of this can be seen in God commanding us not to steal because it is wrong. So, according to DCT, stealing will always be wrong no matter what the circumstance because God commanded it, so it is consistent with the DCT. For Applicability, DCT does follow this principle. DCT says an action is obligatory if it is one that a person ought to perform, an action is wrong if it is one that a person ought not to perform, and an action is permissible if it is neither obligatory nor wrong for the person to perform it. So, the DCT is applicable because it follows the principle of “ought implies can.” For Publicity and Internal Support, DCT checks out. DCT has Publicity because it is not wrong to teach this moral theory to others, and it is not self-effacing. DCT has Internal Support because it does not severely conflict with our deeply held moral intuitions.
There is a problem, however, with DCT and External Support and Explanatory Power. External Support…

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