Dissociative Identity Disorder : Multiple Personality Disorder

1239 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 5 Pages
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Every year millions of people are diagnosed with one of the various mental illnesses that have been defined by researchers. There are many categories, and subcategories, of diseases that affect individuals every year. While some diseases affect the mood, cause hormonal imbalances, or even, alter interpretations of reality, there is one disease that disguises itself in the form of different social characteristics. Dissociative Identity disorder, also known as Multiple Personality Disorder, is well researched in an effort to gain an understanding about how this disease consumes the life of its host.
Background
Merriam-Webster dictionary defines multiple personality disorder as a disorder that is characterized by the presence of two or more distinct and complex identities or personality states each of which becomes dominant and controls behavior from time to time to the exclusion of the others and results from disruption in the integrated functions of consciousness, memory, and identity —called also multiple personality, dissociative identity disorder. The first case of multiple personality disorder was described in July 1885, when physicians Hippolyte Bourru and P. Burot began treating Louis V (Vivet) and conducting a remarkable series of experiments. By exposing Vivet to various narcotic substances, magnets, and metals, the doctors elicited eight distinct personalities, each of which had a separate memory (Stiles, 2012). Multiple…

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