Essay about Dissociative Identity Disorder ( Disorder )

2389 Words Apr 30th, 2016 10 Pages
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formally known as multiple personality disorder, was renamed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) in answer to the argument that dissociation was the primary symptom of the disorder (Nakdimen, 1995). The diagnosis of this disorder can be extremely controversial and is not accepted by everyone in the psychiatric community. Several arguments have been made that dissociation occurs to lots of people, it is just not as profound in some as it is in others.
Etiology
Dissociative disorder is believed to be caused primarily by severe and prolonged childhood trauma or abuse. According to Spiegel and Rosenfeld (1894), the childhood trauma that was suffered is likely sexual in nature and would likely have occurred in early childhood development. The development of this disorder is also precipitated by a lack of safe, nurturing relationships to counter the severe abuse. It is believed to be created as a coping skill that allows the victim to split away from the abuse as if it is occurring to someone else rather than them. It is believed that the mind separates from the body to create a safe place or to create another person to whom the trauma occurred (Gillig, 2009).
While there has not been extensive research on the biological causes of Dissociative disorder, the research that has been done has achieved mixed results. Research completed by Waller and Ross (1997) found more genetics…

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