Arguing Globalizations: Propositions Towards An Examination Of Globalization

Amazing Essays
This essay opines at the outset that ‘the dissection of globalisation must include a careful and critical examination of the term itself.’ (Defining Globalisation Jan Aart Scholte, The Author Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, p 1471) Thus, any essay purporting to define when ‘globalisation began’ requires a definition – or at least an understanding – of globalisation that is comprehensive enough to encompass its many facets, including economic, political, military, and supraterritorial communications while disentangling the discussion from untenable misinterpretations of globalisation itself: internationalisation, westernisation, universalisation and westernisation being four of these. (Defining Globalisation Jan …show more content…
(James, Paul (2005). ‘Arguing Globalizations: Propositions Towards an Investigation of Global Formation’. Globalizations 2 Globalism Institute, Melbourne, Australia (2): pp. 193–209) The term as we understand it today originally came to prominence when it was coined by Theodore Levitt in 1983 who wrote of ‘the globalization of markets’ (Levitt, 1983) (Levitt, T. (1983), ‘The Globalization of Markets’, Harvard Business Review, 61, 3, 92–102). Although Levitt was writing from the perspective of his specialism, economics, the term began to gain credence concurrently in other fields. The root causes that were present at the inception of the ‘identification’ of this period of post-modern globalisation were endemic and persuasive enough to drive into the global consciousness a ‘conflated’ (Defining Globalisation Jan Aart Scholte, The Author Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, p 1483) theory that predicted little and promised nothing, offering only vague notions and ideals of expansion and unity. Moreover, as regards historic periods of globalisation, due to the fact that these were adduced from a modern perspective (Hopkins, A.G., ed., 2003. Globalization in World History. New York City, NY, Norton pp. 18, 20) it is the modern perspective that will likely colour their definition, including such notions as ‘beginning’ dates. All roads, it seems, lead back to what is essentially a social ‘theory’ in the advanced stages of rigor mortis (if this essay were to continue Justin Rosenberg’s analogy (Globalization Theory: A Post Mortem Justin Rosenberg, International Politics 2005)), that of post-modern

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Interdependence Theory

    • 1968 Words
    • 8 Pages

    It was written, to guide readers through learning theoretical tools that will guide individuals to understand the world more accurately. The theoretical tool they used to base their argument was the Liberalist theory, however, the focused one of the theories major points, which is interdependence. Even though, the authors tried to explain interdependence as a theory on its own, one cannot deny this theory has deep seeded origins from the Liberalist theory. They clearly state that neither the traditionalist vision nor the modernist vision is nowadays adequate to interpret our world, due to the fact that there is an “ever- growing and multidimensional interdependence”. Another interesting feature of this book is that the authors compare two ideal types: realism and one that they constructed, complex interdependence.…

    • 1968 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Contemporary economics are best explained by comparing two foundational thinkers that have contributed to the better understanding of liberalism, one being its proponent Adam Smith and the other being its most significant critic, Karl Marx. Both thinkers are profoundly important in locating and investigating the roots of neoliberalism as well as exploring alternatives ways to challenge neoliberal economics in the face of its post-cold war expansion as the inevitable and only alternative to redistribution and economic justice. This essay traces the emerging ideas of classical liberalism as articulated by Smith and their subsequent deployment in the debates that produced neoliberalism. In this context, Marx and Marxism are utilized to expose…

    • 1652 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For Knight (2005) born globals might herald a more diverse international business system in which any firm can succeed internationally. Andersson (2016) explains the origin of born globals because of lower trade barriers, increased competition and rapid technological development of more and more small and medium-sized firms (SMEs). His research area focuses on the interrelatedness between entrepreneurship and international business. Reviews of international entrepreneurship research have been also directed by Keupp and Gassman (2009), indicating the academic contradictions in the international entrepreneurship…

    • 718 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Beck International Trade

    • 1451 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Hoogvelt joins these civil arguments to analyze the manners by which globalization is influencing the nations of the creating scene. Investigating verifiable patterns and hypotheses being developed examinations, Hoogvelt portrays the assorted effects of globalization in sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, and Latin America, recognizing diverse postcolonial reactions in every one of these areas. New to this version are segments on the new computerized economy; the resurgence of the United States following quite a while of putative relative decay and the subject of restored U.S. strength in the global framework; and the unpredictability of the worldwide money related markets coming full circle in the East Asia emergency of 1997. Part II has been altogether reconfigured and extended, as have the sections on East Asia and on Africa. At long last, the conclusions have been reexamined in the light of the mushrooming billow of anti-globalist…

    • 1451 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Furthermore, Masey et al. (1993) also published an empirical study. Academics used a number of the leading theories of international migration such as neoclassical economics, the new economics of migration, etc. to explain the initiation of international…

    • 733 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    A.G. Frank in his book ‘ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age’ said globalization is “a modern phenomena involving the breakdown of borders, the emergence of new technologies and a mix of different cultures or a phenomena with a long history which dates back to the first known connections between countries and people in the world...” as cited in Andrea Herrmann(2012). As individuals, firms, and different organisations have extended their entrance to assets, merchandise, administrations, and markets crosswise over more extensive topographical regions, they have additionally turned out to be all the more profoundly influenced (emphatically and contrarily) by conditions outside their nations of origin. Globalization alludes to the progressing…

    • 904 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Review Paper : The Stages of Economic Growth After the World War II, the idea of ‘development’ became major concern of many countries and international organizations. Many researchers try to figure out how development works and how this process could help modernization process in the world. Walt Whitman Rostow in his article ‘The Stages of Economic Growth’ also try to figure out how economic develops. In his article, Rostow (1959) argues that economic growth in modern world is not a continuum process, but it is a historical sequence that moves from traditional stage to an age of high mass consumption. His argument is interesting, but I am not fully agree with his argument because his argument and explanation in the article contains several…

    • 945 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    However, some of the observed patterns in the internationalisation process of EMNCs seems to challenge the mainstream theories of the MNCs (Deng, 2012; Ramamurti 2009). These have also become theoretical drawback in the explanation of the internationalisation of EMNC’s. Mathews (2006) for example see divergence on EMNC 's behaviours and they are at odds with traditional internationalisation theories as empirical studies that have led to their development of these theories were based on the perspectives of firms’ from the advanced economies in Europe, USA and Japan (Luo & Peng, 1999; Marinova & Marinov, 2011). Therefore, it is not surprising to see how these theories reflects on the behaviour of firms’ from these advanced economies in comparison with EMNCs international behaviour. Gammeltoft et al (2010) assert that the specificities of EMNC 's context may be distinct and represents a different evolutionary process than those of the developed economies MNCs As studies from BRICs shows a distinct approach.…

    • 9765 Words
    • 40 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Globalization directly influences Economical, Political, Cultural and Technological frontiers of the world order. Due to diversified nature of each of the different aspects, which are even interlinked to each other, globalization too shadows its effect, which causes a complex correlation of all the paradigms. Systematically looking into the different aspect on how globalization has influenced them and how they have influence globalization in return is a whole new universe. Understanding the interconnectedness and correlation of these aspects is imperative to understand the concept of globalization and its implications independently o the nation states independently and also being a part of the “Global System” in the new world…

    • 2238 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cohen 's book, International Political Economy: An Intellectual History, he references George Santayana 's infamous quote, “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” This can be seen as a truism in the study of GPE. The historical perspective provides the realm in which scholars can study and debate the history of the international political economy to be able to provide insight in what the current and future actions should be. The variety of models and theories that contradict one another in this perspective are necessary to provide numerous accounts of the history, like Cox argued history and theory are open-ended. New perspectives and analysis produce new concepts for policy in the global field. This can be seen in a great deal of academic research in GPE, including a comparative study done of British and American Hegemony by David…

    • 1072 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics