“Discuss the Key Differences Between ‘Individual Racism’ and ‘Institutional Racism’. Give Examples to Illustrate Your Argument”.
The Oxford English Dictionary describes racism as “prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against a group or individual of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior”. It is significant when concerning oneself with the discussion of racism that a clear and concise distinction is made between the two different types of racism. Firstly there is individual racism. It is defined by overt acts carried out by an individual which can, in extreme cases; result in the death of the victim immediately. However it can also cause destruction of property, assaults, and verbal abuse and …show more content…
The key difference between individual and institutional racism is their impact. While one may be a racist, and the things he says and does may have a horrible effect upon an individual or small group of people, the physical and emotional damage inflicted by a racist organisation burns so much deeper and lasts so much longer and causes much vaster extents of harm. One racist man can easily be stopped. One racist organisation cannot be dealt with so easily. They may have no specific instigator and no specific person or group of people to be held accountable. When we talk of ‘white collar crime’ this is the worst form.