Discrimination in Sports Essay
Discrimination is defined as unequal and unfair treatment of individuals on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, sex or age which results in denial of opportunities, selection or promotion. Racism, ethnic discrimination and exclusion of migrants and minorities are the most common types of discrimination in sports, along with gender and age discrimination. Women of an ethnic origin, or those coming from ethnic minorities or migrant communities, are particularly under represented in sports and especially in managerial or executive positions in sports organizations.
In professional sports, discrimination may come from managers or owners of teams who treat unfavorably certain individuals and choose to exclude them …show more content…
Additionally, in the United States black athletes experienced hiring discrimination until after World War II because they were refused entry to major professional sports league. Even after they were admitted to the league they were subject to unfair job offers and unequal employment opportunities.
"Positional segregation" is a type of discrimination which refers to under representation of people from ethnic backgrounds or different race, color or non-nationals in designated positions both in sports teams and in sports organization Evidence shows that in the United States, during the 1960s and 1970s, white pitchers and catchers in baseball as well as white quarterbacks in football significantly outnumbered black ones. They were isolated from positions requiring leadership and critical thinking because of racial prejudices against their mental abilities. Positional segregation is also closely connected with co-worker discrimination because white players may refuse to be subordinate to black leaders. According to a 2010 report of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) women from ethnic minorities have low representation in sport across the European Union. It also shows that migrants and minorities rarely hold managerial or executive positions in sports governing bodies and federations, therefore