Discipleship And Humanism : Perspectives And Weaknesses Of Learning And The Process Of Teaching

1594 Words Apr 25th, 2016 null Page
Behaviourism and humanism are two views of learning which have strengths and weaknesses in the process of learning and the process of teaching. These two theories have ideologies of how students learn and what pedagogical approaches are to be used. The behaviourist theory looks at learning from an external view, not needing to look at internal mental states (Pritchard & Woollard, 2013). Humanism, on the other hand, is very intrinsic, looking at the internal factors that aid in learning. These two theories have their own distinct strengths and weaknesses; however, they do share some common elements.

Behaviourism is a view of learning that was constructed in the early twentieth century, whereby the focus of learning was on the ‘cause and effect’ of external events (Duchesne & McMaugh, 2015). This refers to how individuals are controlled and moulded by their environment. It is the environment that has a stimulus effect on individuals which leads to an observable behaviour, a response to a stimulus (McLeod, 2007). Pritchard and Woollard (2013) indicate that by allowing the environment to determine behaviour, it reduces learned and rote responses which can be transferred into the educational school environment through behaviour modification systems. This modification is done through situations of teaching, training or tutoring students and is demonstrated through the behaviour of the learner; their actions or reactions to stimulus (Pritchard & Woollard, 2013). The behaviourist…

Related Documents