Freedom Vs Security

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First of all “freedom” and “security” are both vague concepts that are both equally important and therefore there is a trade off between them. They are both interconnected and neglecting one in the pursuit of the other can cause a problem in that society. This essay aims to highlight both the advantages and disadvantages of freedom and security at an individual and societal level. It will also incorporate use of significant examples in different countries relating to these concepts focusing on the Uk and America. Finally it will introduce the concepts of Liberalism and totalitarianism and how they apply to freedom and security.

Security is the state of being free from any form of danger and harm Oxforddictionaries.com (2014). The concept
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An individual cannot be free without engaging in the process of choice. Gutmann (1980 p10) also claimed “choice is a necessary, not a sufficient condition of individual freedom”

The concept of freedom is classified into two types, which are: negative freedom and positive freedom. “Positive freedom” is freedom to control one’s life and do whatever you want. McHugh (2006) claimed that positive freedom is the view of freedom where there are non-restrictions of opinions whereas “Negative freedom” is freedom from external hindrance or interference that prevents you from doing what you want. Any rational person regardless the age or social status wants to be free from harm and feel secure and yet also have freedom to do whatever they want.

The concept of freedom is very broad. It could be political freedom, feminism, and racism. Political freedom when people are able to vote in elections and challenge their leaders and this is referred to a democracy. It also believes that any system of democracy should automatically guarantee the right to free speech Bbc.co.uk.edgesuite.net
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Dan Gandio (2012) claimed that different types of people tend to enjoy more or less freedom than others for example the bourgeoisie enjoy more freedom than the lower class and this has lead to issues such as slavery, racism, feminism, same sex relationship bans etc. Secrecy and surveillance is a way of controlling individual freedom and blocking the public access to information can also limit freedom Bbc.co.uk (2014). An example of this was when the US National Security Agency (NSA) was collecting the telephone records of tens of millions of Americans from Verizon on a daily basis. They also accessed the servers of nine Internet such as Facebook, Google, Microsoft and Yahoo to track online communication. This was a violation of the privacy of their citizen’s privacy and justifies the point stated earlier. The price of living in safety is permitting the government to violate our freedom when it is necessary Lindoorf

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