Disadvantages Of Egg Donation

1482 Words 6 Pages
Ot the surface, egg donation appears to be a win-win situation. A woman has the opportunity to help an individual conceive a child, and in exchange gets reimbursed for their service. A similar, successful type of donation has been in place for a long time which is sperm donation. Sperm donors receive compensation and are able to use their bodies’ natural resources, so women should have the same opportunity. However, these two systems are very different: the egg donation process takes a longer time, has more risks, and can leave long term negative psychological and health impacts on the donor. Though the short and/or long term health effects may not affect all donors and many who take part in egg donation have no symptoms at all, the severity …show more content…
The recipient of the egg(s) usually is on this medication as well to link up menstrual cycles and increase the likelihood of conception. During the retrieval process the donor is put under anaesthesia and the eggs are removed via needle vacuum. The process is invasive and carries many risks, including surgical risks, infection, and overstimulation of the ovaries. Once the eggs have been retrieved, they are then donated. There are three types of donations: anonymous, semi-anonymous and open. The type of donation the donor chooses depends on her comfort with interacting with the recipients. Each type of donation has a major impact on the donor, recipients and progeny. In all of these situations, however, the donor receives compensation after the removal of the eggs. (Creative Love, 2016) Compensation amount varies on agency to agency, as well as if the donor has certain characteristics such as possessing desirable traits. Donors that are of a certain ethnicity, are college graduates, physically fit and have proven fertility are more likely to receive higher compensation. Being able to prove that the donor is of good health is perfectly …show more content…
Temporary effects include: bloating, ovarian torsion, nausea, infection and ovarian cyst. Ovarian torsion occurs when the enlarged ovaries twist or collapse. Ovarian cysts can be very painful, even requiring hospitalization if rupturing. The most intimidating short term health effect is Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS), which is associated with HCG injections. OHSS can cause weight gain, nausea, abdominal pain and shortness of breath, if symptoms are ignored or of acute intensity hospitalization may occur. Although according to Creative Love Egg Donor and Surrogacy Agency, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome occurs in only 1-3% of all cases. Woodrift wrote Data Gaps in Reproductive Health, “Donors have not been surveyed in meaningful ways over lengthy periods of time about their personal fertility, cancer incident or psychological state following participation.” Banning commercial egg donation until adequate long term studies are conducted would benefit donors and doctors alike to prevent accidents. Private studies of donors and their personal health must be done, as well as the health of those born from donations. As of now infertility following egg donation(s) has not been sufficiently studied to link it to egg donation or natural causes. The same goes with cancer, doctors are unsure if previous egg donation could

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