Disadvantages Of Breast Cancer

1188 Words 5 Pages
Since the beginning of time, man has struggled with a countless number of diseases. Disease can be either hereditary or spontaneous. Disease can voluntarily or involuntarily affect one’s body. One disease that affects an abundant number of lives is cancer. Cancer, one of America’s most silent, deadly killers, can cause a myriad of hardships on families, changing lives forever. Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Symptoms become visible within the earliest stages. When breast cancer first begins to develop, a lump, bearing pain, will appear on either the breast or underarm after your monthly menstrual cycle. Additionally, these lumps will cause swelling within the armpit. Later, you will begin to notice a flat …show more content…
Treatments include: surgery of the breast, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy. In surgery, either the whole breast can be removed or simply just the tumor that contains the tissues containing cancer can be removed. There are two types of surgeries for breast cancer, a mastectomy and a lumpectomy. A mastectomy is to remove the entire breast, while a lumpectomy is a surgery that conserves breasts. There are many different types of mastectomies and lumpectomies. Radiation therapy, on the other hand, uses high-energy waves to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy kills cancer cells through the use of drugs, but has several horrible side effects. “Hormone therapy also uses drugs to kill cancer cells.” In addition to these, targeted therapy uses medicines to speed up the body’s immune system, destroying the cancer (“Understanding …show more content…
The first noticeable symptoms are: soreness, itching, and bleeding. Melanoma, skin cancer, grows anywhere on the body. Correspondingly, it mostly appears on the upper back of a male, and legs of a female. Elderly people, often have melanoma grow on their face, while older men often get it on their neck, scalp, and ears. Melanoma can develop in a mole that already exists or on another mark on the skin. It might appear to be a bruise that will not heal, or show through a fingernail or toenail, appearing as a black or brown streak. The majority of melanomas begin as a new skin growth. The growth may change color, shape, or size. Any of these types of changes are early signs of melanoma (“Understanding Cancer”). The only documented cause of Melanoma is excessive sun exposure. This may be from intense sun experience. Moreover, it could be a result of having sunburns at some point that blistered. Certain people have higher odds of getting skin cancer, because of their skin type, hair color, and eye color (“Understanding Cancer”). All in all, cancer is the outcome of cells that grow nonstop and never die (“Cancer: Facts, Types, and

Related Documents