Dineo Case Study Essay

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The following essay will critical identify and analyze the diagnoses that are applicable to Dineo’s case study that includes the differential diagnosis. With reference to the given case study of Dineo’s presenting problem this paper will look at reasons and factors that might be contributing to Dineo’s situation. Therefore this essay will define processes that will unpack these that are diagnoses, symptoms as well as treatment. This paper will look at causes as well as symptoms in relation to the Diagnostic and statistical Manual of Mental disorder –IV, gender and cultural perspective both perspectives. Lastly this paper will conclude. ‘Abnormal behavior is difficult to define but it is said to be a behavior that deviates from what is expected …show more content…
MDD can be referred as a mental disorder which can be identified with a reoccurring low mood that is accompanied by low self-esteem, loss of interest or pleasure in activities that are normally enjoyable (Driessen, etc 2010). Life events that are stressful, such as illness or death of a person close to a person. Other events such as divorce, childhood neglect or abuse can also lead to a change of mood of a person and their daily routine (Driessen, etc 2010). Dineo meets the MDD criteria with a number of the symptoms that MDD characterised mainly low energy feeling demotivated, difficulty with concentration, feelings of depression as his mood changed, weight loss and loss of interest and enjoyment in usual activities, disturbed sleep, ideas of self-harm. MDD is a condition that doesn’t just affects the individual however it also affects their family, work or school life, sleeping and eating habits, and general health (Driessen, etc 2010). Major depressive disorder has negative consequences not only for how people feel about themselves and their future, but also for their relationships. During a depressive episode people tend withdraw socially, feel insecure in relationships elicit rejection from others and experience high level of interpersonal conflict and stress. Kesseler et al(1994) reported that women are more likely than men …show more content…
Traditional practitioners use a wide variety of treatments ranging from "magic" to biomedical methods such as fasting and dieting, herbal therapies, bathing (cleansing), massage, and surgical procedures (Abdullahi, 2011). It will be very important for Dineo to go through the cleansing process as it is required in her culture; this will help her resolve her feelings of anger as well as sadness (Abdullahi,

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