Digestive Systems : The Digestive System Essay

896 Words Oct 11th, 2015 4 Pages
Digestive System The digestive system is also known as the gastrointestinal system, where the mouth is connected by a series of organs all the way through the body to the anus. This article stated, “digestion is the process in which the body breaks down our food and drinks into smaller particles to feed and nourish our cells” (“Your digestive system,” 2004). This process is important for the body to use the nutrients from food towards energy, growth, cell repair, as well as our overall well-being. In order for digestion to begin food needs to be entered into the mouth or oral cavity. This is where the teeth chew the food up and the tongue meshes the food particles together into a bolus or ball along with the help of the lips, cheeks, and saliva. According to Gylys and Wedding, “the saliva contains important digestive enzymes the help begin the chemical breakdown of food such as starches” (Gylys and Wedding, 2013, p. 120). The saliva production increases when the chewing becomes more through to help lubricate the bolus as it travels downward into the throat. The throat or pharynx is a funnel shape located right between the mouth and esophagus, which is a narrow muscular tube that leads to the stomach. Gylys and Wedding (2013, p 122) stated, “that the pharynx serves as a passageway to the respiratory and GI tract and provides a resonating chamber for speech sounds.” In order to keep the respiratory tract free from food particles that pass into the esophagus there…

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