Diffusion Theories And The Blurred Definition Of Convergence On Education Privatization

932 Words Oct 22nd, 2015 4 Pages
2. Diffusion Theories and the Blurred Definition of Convergence on Education Privatization
Studies of policy diffusion are grounded on the perspective that domestic policy decisions are affected by foreign choices. This influence, in turn, produces policy convergence (Braun 2006; Drori, Meyer, and Hwang 2006; Dobbin, Simmons, and Garrett 2007). Despite this common view, the mechanisms by which these approaches explain diffusion are quite different. Some theorists argue that since countries compete at a global scale to export their products and attract foreign investment, governments engage in similar policies in order to reduce the barriers for trade and exchange (Green 1999; Twining 2005). Other theorists employ the notion of coercion to describe the way in which international powerful actors impose certain policies to other countries through incentives and sanctions (Arnove, Torres, Franz et al. 1996; Samoff 1993; Hunter and Brown 2000). Still some others argue that policy ideas diffuse through the spread of global norms (Finnemore 1993; Meyer 1997; Schofer and Meyer 2005; Kamens and McNeely 2010). A final group of scholars contends that policy diffusion proceeds through policy networks or epistemic communities that learns from other actors implementing seemingly effective policies (Haas 1992; Dolowitz and Marsh 2000; Spreen 2004; Weyland 2005).
The studies of education policy diffusion have often resorted to coercive, normative and cognitive mechanisms to explain policy…

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