Different Views Within The Field Of English Language Teaching

1169 Words Jan 30th, 2015 null Page
Different views emerge in the field of English Language Teaching (ELT). While theories and approaches are put forward to understand the nature and applicability of certain phenomenon related to ELT, different points of view arise. Grammar perhaps is one of which. With the current changes and circumstances of the world, the paper will examine how grammar should be taught. This paper will explain how there is a need to create a balance and build on circumstances and needs of learners when teaching grammar in ELT classrooms.
There are various theoretical beliefs and conceptualizations with different reactions towards in the field of ELT of how people learn. Different beliefs imply evidence of possibilities to learn in different methods but the human mind cognitive abilities should not be hindered. Despite that, it is controversial how NNS of English, for instance, with different background and understanding of grammar would acquire the grammar of a language through repetitive practice. Celce-Murcia and Larsen-Freeman state that there is an alteration in 'teaching approaches that focus primarily on grammar and those that focus on language forms or analysis ' (1999:1). Johnson explains that there is a 'conflict ' between empiricist and rationalists that effects 'how foreign languages are learned ' (2008:44). He clarifies that behaviourism (advocates such as Skinner) viewed language learning as a behavioural change acquired by repetition and stimulus; while rationalism, or…

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