Different Perspectives About Learning And Instruction Essay

2257 Words Jun 27th, 2016 null Page
Introduction

In this assignment, Assignment 2, Reflexive Paper, I will discuss and evaluate three prevalent perspectives about learning and instruction. These are behaviorism, constructivism, and cognitive information processing. As I complete my tenure in the ISLT program, I feel overwhelmed with new information, which will only be truly understood when I apply it in the field. It is very interesting learning and understanding the science of why certain practices are incorporated into learning and instruction. I have seen many of these strategies utilized in the workforce and education. Putting a name to the practice has been very helpful.

Behaviorism

Behaviorism is most closely related to or associated with B. F. Skinner and it involves the experimental analysis of behavior, which in turn leads to the principles of behavior management. Applications of this lead to behavior modification, PSI, instructional objectives, performance analysis and improvements. Skinner, taking from Watson’s lead, distinguished two types of behavior, respondent and operant. John B. Watson, introduced behaviorism into American psychology in 1913.

Respondent behavior, first studied by Pavlov, focused on classical conditioning experiments, which are those that are elicited involuntarily in reaction to the stimulus. Examples of these would be an animal salivating over food or a child startled by a loud sound. Watson conducted one of the most famous experiments with classical…

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