Different Causes And Symptoms And Treatment Of Asthma

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Asthma is a common household word that many people use day to day. The word Asthma is often misused and usually correlated with obesity. Asthma is a chronic disease involved in the airways of the lungs. Asthma is the inflammation of these airways that allow air to travel in and out of the lungs, bringing the body necessary oxygen. Due to the inflammation, the tissue surrounding the airways can become swollen and the muscles involved with breathing can tighten, which can cause the symptoms that are associated with Asthma. These symptoms include but are not limited to, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and it is estimated that there are over 300 million …show more content…
The pathologies associated with the different types of asthma can all be diagnosed, and require different treatments to reach a desired functional outcome for the patient. The asthma pathophysiology can best be described as, “a chronic disease that involves inflammation of the pulmonary airways and bronchial hyperresponsiveness that results in the clinical expression of a lower airway obstruction that is usually reversible.” (Fireman, 2003) There are many triggers that can cause bronchial hyperresponsiveness, some of them are provocation with methacholine or histamine, exposure to cold air, exercise, cigarette smoke, viral upper extremity infection, and respiratory allergens. The, “gross pathology of asthma airways displays lung hyperinflation, smooth muscle hypertrophy, lamina reticularis thickening, mucosal edema, epithelial cell sloughing, cilia cell disruption, and mucus gland hypersecretion.”(Fireman, 2003) On a more …show more content…
Allergic asthma is triggered by numerous specific and non-specific stimuli and can vary on a case-to-case basis. It is very important to identify what triggers each patient’s asthma as that can go a long way in helping prevent asthma attacks. Some common triggers that effect patients include different types of pollens, molds, dust mites and animal dander. Exercise induced asthma is another very common diagnosis among patients with asthma. Exercise induced asthma is often referred to as exercise induced bronchoconstriction, and is when the airways narrow and asthma symptoms are activated as a result of exercising. Exercise induced asthma may worsen pre-existing conditions or only cause asthma attacks during exercise. One of the most common misconceptions about exercise-induced asthma is that exercise causes the asthma, which is not true. Exercise triggers the asthma symptoms that cause the asthma attack. Often exercise and being in good health will lower the occurrence of exercise induced asthma attacks. One of the biggest problems with being in well enough shape to avoid exercise-induced asthma attacks is actually getting there and exercising while the attacks are occurring. Childhood asthma is often associated with wheezing, but is not synonymous with wheezing. Most infants who have a wheeze at

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