Differences Of DNA And DNA

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Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) make up the nucleic acid in cells and is responsible for the differences in many of our traits. DNA is the substance in which our genetic material is carried on from one generation to the next. Nucleotides join together through phosphodiester linkages between the 5 ' and 3 ' carbon atoms to form nucleic acids. “Nucleotides are composed of a five-membered sugar group with a purine or pyrimidine nitrogen base group attached to its 1 ' carbon via a glycosidic bond and one or more phosphate groups attached to its 5 ' carbon via an ester bond” (sparknotes.com/biology). DNA and RNA both contain genetic information, however there several variations between the two. DNA contains the sugar deoxyribose …show more content…
The DNA is responsible for making living creatures unique. Human beings have 23 sets of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes. In order for organisms to function correctly, cells must constantly replace themselves by dividing into new cells. During this process, chromosomes ensure that DNA is copied and is copied and dispersed into the new cells. If the cells not copied properly with the correct number of chromosomes, disorders in the organisms can occur. In humans, one set of chromosome is inherited from the female and the other from the male parent. Which is the reason children get different characteristics than their parents. …show more content…
The genetic code in a cell is considered the genotype of the organism. Whereas, the phenotype are the visible characteristics. DNA is an example of genotype, while the color of one’s hair or eyes are examples of phenotypes (diffen.com). Genotypes are passed on to the offspring by the parents through reproduction, unlike phenotypes which are not inherited traits but are influenced by the environment. Each cell contains special commands from alleles, which are alternative forms of the gene inherited from the mother and father (diffen.com). An individual’s hereditary information is stored in the genotype, even if it is not observably expressed. However, the phenotype of the individual is expressed outwardly such as in the color of their

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