Realism In World Politics

Improved Essays
In world politics, there are two main theories, realism, and liberalism. Realism is when politicians exemplify or perceive things as they are in the world, unlike liberalism where it is believed that people are capable of improvement and have confidence that people will develop into something better (Baylis et Al,2014: 4). “Realism is mostly concerned with questions of order justice and change at the domestic, regional and international levels” (Lebow, 2016: 35), unlike liberalism which is mainly focused on ideas on liberty and equality. (McLean and McMillian,2009) There are different types of realism and liberalism as well. Two major types of liberalism are classical liberalism and social liberalism. In realism, two major types are classical realism and neo-realism. To properly display these two theories correctly, this essay will discuss three main topics of importance to the economy, power, and military.

Power

Both realist and liberals believe that the world is an unstable place, that any democratic country can go to war with one another, states with military power have an advantage, and that countries with no military power can be abused. Although there are
…show more content…
Each of these constructs exhibits characteristics of free trade, capital markets and open economies.” Colonialism has to do with indigenous people from less developed countries who got their wealth from natural resources and labor inputs. Mercantilism is similar to colonialism, having to do with developing certain countries without competition. Neo-colonialism has to do more with bigger organizations doing with domestic policies. Then there is ethno- nationalism which has to do more with discrimination in the economy. Liberals believe that all nations can work together to a better humankind. That world will be a better place with trade and

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Modern liberalism and modern conservatism are both incomplete without one another. Both groups carry a unique quality that can bring society together and completes the society. Modern conservatism leans more towards the economy as modern liberalism aids liberty. For instance, without modern liberalism we would not be able to understand that “the government must protect individuals from the inequities of modern society and correct the injustices and failures of “free-market” capitalism including environmental degradation.” Liberals believe that the government plays the role of protecting those rights and disaster from occurring. On the other hand, modern conservatives “emphasize individual property rights and limited government (classical liberalism).”…

    • 950 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Liberals believe that war and aggression can be lessened and eliminated through collective action. According to Walt, liberalism views the states as central players in international affairs (32). Liberalists believe that the expansion of human freedom is achieved best within democracies and well-cooperated market capitalism. Doyle finds that liberalism leaves a coherent legacy on foreign affairs and argues that the differences among the three theories of liberalism (liberal pacifism, liberal imperialism, and Kant’s internationalism) are not irrational (1152). Doyle examines Schumpeter’s explanation for liberal pacifism, which states that the foundation of pacifism comes from the interaction of capitalism and democracy.…

    • 1730 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Liberalism Vs Realism

    • 1413 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The similarities between the two main theories enable a less complex explanation of international relations. Both the Liberalism theory and the Realism theory share views on the anarchical structure of global politics, the rationality of human beings, and the importance of state actors. One of the main similarities between the two theories that affects the way that states should act, is how they see the world structure. In this anarchical world, states should find ways to survive. How the state itself will do that signifies a major difference between Realism and Liberalism.…

    • 1413 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    When applying liberal ideas to the international system today, we find two responses to the problems and possibilities posed by globalization. The first response is that of the liberalism of privilege. Which says the problems of globalization need to be addressed by a combination of strong democratic states, robust regimes, and open markets. The strategy of preserving and extending liberal institutions is open to several criticisms, which will be gathered upon radical liberalism, which sees liberalism as benefiting only a few states and individuals. Radical liberals say that there is a massive democratic deficit at the global level; they are not subject to view by…

    • 702 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Social Equity Liberalism

    • 1277 Words
    • 6 Pages

    The Telos of the SEL model is progress. Peters writes that the idea of progress is rooted in the enlightenment belief that life can get better and should (pp. 92). This involves not just economic progress but also social, spiritual, and physical well being of all people, in particular the poor. Peters regards the idea of progress in the SEL model as synonymous to a transition to a “developed” world lifestyle.…

    • 1277 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the most discussed topics in modern-day American politics is the rising wealth gap. This begs an appropriate question; at what point do inequalities of economic liberty and social justice become unjust? Three liberal approaches to justice attempt an answer. In his book Theory of Justice, John Rawls follows a high liberal tradition of thought, asserting that a distributive pattern of justice is most correct. On the other hand, in his book Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick argues for an emergent approach to justice, rooted in libertarian philosophy.…

    • 1308 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The oldest liberal ideology, classical liberalism, which first emerged during the enlightenment era, expresses humans as naturally egoistic beings who are more than capable of governing themselves. Classical liberals, such as Thomas Paine, refer to the state as a “necessary evil” that establishes law for the good of society, but also impairs the natural right of freedom of the individual, illustrating a ‘negative’ view of freedom. Classical liberals believe in a laissez-faire and free capitalist economy, a theory that is strongly criticised by modern liberals who argue the economic and social implications of a free trade system. On the other hand, modern liberalism shows a ‘positive’ view towards freedom, maintaining that state intervention should exists solely to enrich the lives vulnerable individuals in order for them to prosper and grow. In addition, the modern sense of liberalism believes that social and economic intervention of the state will rectify mistake brought on by the classical liberal era, e.g.…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    To continue, it should be stated that neo-liberalism differs significantly from the canonical liberal-idealistic paradigm. Its main characteristic is the recognition of the need for partial state participation in the regulation of socio-economic processes. This is the main difference between neo-liberalism and classical liberalism, which proclaimed the principle of total non-interference of the state in the socio-economic life of society. Neo-liberals, therefore, consider international cooperation not only possible, but also necessary for achieving stability, social progress and world…

    • 1423 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Steatism Vs Neoliberalism

    • 1588 Words
    • 7 Pages

    When the government can use its tools effectively it has the ability lengthen citizens' lives, increase overall levels of education decrease crimes, and improve relations with other nations. Capitalist nations like the United States practice a laze faire approach when necessary while stepping in when the economy needs assistance. This leaves important decisions to be made by political leaders. These leaders have the ability to partaken in Statism, or neoliberalism. The Statism approach emphasizes strong actions by the government to support and manage the system of production and distribution of goods.…

    • 1588 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Inherently, natural ability allows one to specialize in that area to produce more goods for exchange. He discusses use value and exchange value as natural rules in exchanging, and believes the basis for exchange is rooted in self-interest. Though money— “a universal instrument of commerce”—facilitates exchange, labor is the true measure of value, not money, because the value of money changes (Smith 31). The division of labor allows one to exchange at a more productive rate so that laborers can gain a surplus in production. This surplus, if not exchanged, can be accumulated, like how capital would be.…

    • 852 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays