Differences Between Piaget And Vygotsky

1792 Words 8 Pages
The purpose of this essay is to find the similarities and differences between 2 psychologists and their theories of cognitive development. The 2 psychologists I chose were Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Both psychologists greatly influenced and contributed to the field of education by giving explanations for the cognitive learning styles and abilities of children. While their theories and beliefs may differ, both offer teachers good suggestions on how to teach certain materials in a developmentally appropriate way.
Cognitive development can be defined as the gradual improvement of certain skills such as memory, information processing, conception, perception, reasoning, and language (Sun, 2008). Jean Piaget is a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher who is recognized as an influential figure in many studies of cognition in regard to children (Blake, B.; Pope T., 2008). According to Piaget’s cognitive development theory, there are 4 stages of intellectual Maturity. The 4 stages occur during occur during infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. He gained an idea of the early stages by interviewing young children
…show more content…
There are also multiple differences. Piaget thought that development occurs because a child is an active listener. He thought that the child must actively organize new info with existing info to obtain a state of equilibrium. Vygotsky agreed that children are actively involved in the developing and learning process because the provide feedback to the teacher about how much they understand. Piaget and Vygotsky both believed that development declines with age. Both psychologists believed that development may be initiated by cognitive conflict. I believe both Vygotsky and Piaget provide teachers with important views of cognitive development in children. Both believed that children play an active role in their discovery of new understanding and

Related Documents