Similarities Between Hutus And Tutsis

Good Essays
The Hutus and Tutsis were more similar than they were different. In fact, they shared key factors like the same language and even traditions. Tutis tended to be skinnier and taller than Hutus. Tutsi originated in Ethiopia. Around 1916 Belgian colonist arrived in Rwanda and began to take charge and colonize. When the Belgian colonist arrived they began to hand out identity cards, which stated the ethnicity of that person. The Belgians viewed the Tutsis superior to the Hutus. Since the Belgians found more interest in the Tusus, the belgians decided to partner up with the tutsus. The belgians would then have the Tutsis implement the rules that they established. Since the Tutsis were viewed as superior to the Hutus they had better opportunities. …show more content…
In the 1950’s, Hutus demanded the break of the political, economic and social monopoly of the Tutsi group. The Hutus were seeking a “democratic majority rule.” However on the opposite side of things, The Tutsi wanted the Belgians to grant them independence and avoid elections. The United Nations surprisingly supported this and the Belgians did not.This democratic revolution led by the Hutu quickly led to acts of violence against Tutsi. The awful acts of violence were led by the Hutu extremist party, MDR Parehtu. From 1959 to 1961, riots were all throughout Rwanda. During this time tens of thousands of Tutsis were killed and if they were so lucky to get away they would flee to the surrounding countries. Under the Belgian rule, the first election was held in 1960 with an outcome of a sovereign Republic of Rwanda. A council was formed with a majority of Hutu extremist. This led to the riots against the Tutsis to continue the Hutu extremist stripped Tutsis from their government positions and their …show more content…
Rwanda gaining independence did not help to cease the violence. However, the gaining of independence peeked the interest of the Tutsis that had earlier fled to Tanzania and Zaire escape the violence. The Tutsi began organizing attacks on Hutu civilians and their government. Between 1962 and 1967 Tutsi carried out roughly ten different attacks that led to high numbers of Tutsi. At the end of the 1980s, 480,000 Rwandan civilians had become refugees due to the violent attacks. Those same refugees were later denied access back into Rwanda. The president of Rwanda at the time, Juvenal Habyarimana, said that the population and the economic opportunities were too few to allow them back into Rwanda.
The Rwandan Patriotic Front was founded in 1988 in Uganda. Its mission was to secure the return of Rwandans that had been exile and to reform the Rwandan government as well as over throw Habyarimana, the president. The Rwandan Patriotic Front was mostly made up of Tutsi that previously been exile. In the 1990s, the Rwandan Patriotic Front launched an attack on Rwanda. In August 1993, the Organisation of African Unity through the efforts a peace agreement was signed between Habyarimana. It came to no surprise when the peace agreement did nothing to stop the disruption that was happening in

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Imperialism In Rwanda

    • 2052 Words
    • 9 Pages

    While most of the Belgian government policy had been changed Kayibana kept the system of ethnic identity cards. The Tutsi people who had fled the country began launching attacks into Rwanda, Hutu military troops responded and thousands were killed in these bloody guerilla battles. Tensions between the Hutu country of Rwanda and the Tutsi country of Burundi worsened, by the end of 1962 around 70,000 people had been killed. The Kayibanda regime sought international negotiation, social and economic reform, and development of Rwanda. He began forming international relations, and in his first ten years formed 43 alliances.…

    • 2052 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Conflict

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages

    United we stand, divided we fall. A country divided by its people cannot be stable for long. Rwanda is divided into two main ethnic groups, the Tutsi (minority) and the Hutu (majority). Tensions were already high between the two groups, but the alleged assassination of President Juvénal Habyarimana triggered the Rwandan Genocide on April 6, 1994. The Hutu started to kill the Tutsi, resulting in 800,000 casualties.…

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    A couple decades later in 1959, the pro-Hutu party launched a revolt that resulted in the bloody ethnic clashes (Magnarella 26). The results of the attacks left more than a thousand Tutsis dead and a little more than a hundred thousand Tutsis that fled Rwanda becoming refugees. A few years later in 1962, the country of Rwanda had become independent. The Tutsi refugees in Burundi tried to launch…

    • 830 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ethnic Cleanse In Rwanda

    • 1303 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Ethnic Cleansing Pain, suffering, murder, and hate are the catalysts that formulate genocide; in Rwanda, this was the case. 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the Rwandan genocide that began in 1959. Although the genocide seemed to happen out of nowhere, previous conflicts helped contribute to death of thousands of Rwandans. Ultimately, the colonization of Rwanda by Belgians, led to the separation of Hutus and Tutsis identifying them as two separate racial groups, which sparked the tribes to fight over the control of the government. Colonization of Belgium Before the Belgians arrived, the Hutus and Tutsis lived by a contract called the ubahaka.…

    • 1303 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Definition Of Genocide

    • 1008 Words
    • 5 Pages

    These are all reasons leading to the racial Rwanda genocide, however, arguably the most significant reason may be the issuance of ethnic identity cards which had been imposed by the Belgians. As tensions erupted in the country in 1962, a violent Hutu revolution took place, in which hundreds of Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed. Many Tutsis fled Rwanda and returned with a vengeance in 1990, which was the start of the Rwanda Civil War. In 1993, the Belgian-Rusha treaty was signed which allowed the Tutsis to return to Rwanda with the protection of the United Nations. However, this treaty was a fraud as we know a year later, the planned genocide events took place to organize the “final…

    • 1008 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Genocide Causes

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Right before the Rwandan Revolution, intelligent Hutu that went to western schools, wrote a published paper called the Bahutu Manifesto, and called for the end of Tutsi rule. The Tutsi replied by emphasizing the shebuja (lord) and garagu (serfs) relationship between the Tutsi and the Hutu, and demanded independence from Belgium in Rwanda. The Belgian government switched and supported the Hutu because the Hutus did not want the end of the Belgian government. So on November of 1959 the Rwandan Civil War began this allowed the Hutu to overthrow the Tutsi with the help of Belgium. Thousands of Tutsi were killed, and many other fled their homes.…

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    These cards, however, were used much longer after colonialism to identify a Hutu from a Tutsi. This shows that the German and then Belgian imperialistic and racist propaganda happened to be succesful and divided the Rwandan Nation very strongly. In the 1960's, Hutu oppression towards the Tutsi and the number of attacks made against them increased. The Tutsi rebels attacked back during this time period with the most successful attack made in 1963 outside Kigali, the Rwandan capital. In 1967 20,000 Tutsi lost their lives as a result of oppression and discrimination and 200,000 of them fled from Rwanda as refuygees to surrounding countries.…

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ultranationalism In Rwanda

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages

    During the period of the genocide took place, one hundred days from April 7, 1994 to July. An estimated 500 000 - one million Rwandans were killed, taking roughly one fifth of their population. Hutu extremists launched their plans to destroy the entire Tutsi civilian population but any political leaders who might have been able to control the situation or other opponents of the Hutu extremists were killed immediately. Tutsi’s and others suspected as Tutsis were killed trying to flee their homes when stopped at roadblocks set up across the country, entire families were killed without hesitation, children were either killed or forced to join the cause as child soldiers and woman were systematically and brutally raped. Before international responses the RPF attempted a military campaign.…

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This caused a mass killing in the country of Rwanda ran by the Interahamwe, a Hutu ran organization whose mission was to eliminate all Tutsi that was trained by the French (5). Attacks persisted for one hundred days and by mid-July, the massacre ended and over eighty thousand Tutsis were murdered…

    • 1209 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hotel Rwanda Analysis

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The long-term causes began in 1916 when the Belgian government took over Rwanda, and evidently, named the Tutsis superior. For about 20 years, the Tutsis lived lives full of power, privilege, and opportunities despite that they were the minority in Rwanda. This favoritism greatly upset the larger part of the population which was Hutu. The Hutus were mistreated and had little power or privilege in government and rights, so in 1956, they partook in a series of riots that killed thousands of Tutsis. In 1962, Rwanda gained its independence and the Hutu majority took back power.…

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays