Imperialism In Britain

Improved Essays
Imperialism can be described as a system where a stronger country in terms of weaponry and economy take full control of other countries after a long lasting war. Imperialism can also take the aspect of culture and influence where other nations believe that they are superior in terms of their culture and economy. From the perspective of weaponry we can study Britain as a good case study and France as well, taken to be an imperialist countries. At the beginning of the nineteenth century Britain had travelled all over the world, to control most nations due to several factors, she was pushed to extend her powers to Western Europe and as far as African continent. The factors and reasons that pushed Britain to extend its control to other countries …show more content…
The need for raw materials forced Britain to extend her powers to most countries in Africa such as Uganda, South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Somalia (Peterson 537). The arrival of British in Africa for colonization was met by strong forces that either resisted the rule while other accepted the rule partially. Britain found a lot of minerals in Africa where they argue could supply the industries back in Europe. Africa had a lot of minerals which needed to be excavated and British could also control the strategic points of influence in Africa, such as the source of river Nile. During scramble and partition of Africa Brittan deployed several methods to establish their rule in …show more content…
British had a lot of lands and colonies in Africa which they acquired during the penetration of Africa to colonize the continent. The British used both direct and indirect policy to rule their colonies for instance in Zimbabwe they ruled directly due to the fact that there was a larger population of whites in Zimbabwe and the Africans were lesser. In other countries the British applied the indirect policy like the case of Kenya, Uganda and Nigeria. The French strictly applied the policy of assimilation where they assimilated the Africans and were taken to live in the communes, for instance in Senegal there were four communes that is Dakar, Goree, St Louis and Rufisque. The policy of assimilation accepted the Africans to taken and treated like French people and given the French education while the British did not incorporate Africans in their ruling. Finally the two countries shared most of the ideas and practices of imperialism type of

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Imperialism is the policy of extending a countries power through the acquisition of foreign lands either through military force or through diplomacy. The former tended to be the method of choice for most of the colonies. Although France and Great Britain had many colonies in Africa the way in which they ruled their colonies was vastly different; the French used a more “hands on” approach, handling problems as they came up in their colonies in North Africa, and the British had taken steps to prevent war by “[ruling] through native authorities”, developing treaties and going to war only when needed (Roberts,99). Initially England had an interest in South Africa because it was “deemed essential to the control of the sea-routes to the East”,…

    • 1451 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Imperialism can be defined as the extension of a nation’s power over other lands. European countries desperately wanted to take over colonies in Africa since it provided them with a lot of benefits. Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Spain and Portugal all placed almost all regions of Africa under their rule (Spielvogel and McTighe 231). European powers were iFn constant rivalries because each of them wanted the continent to their advantage. As these conflicts started to rise, Portugal called for the Berlin Conference of 1884, which was organized by Otto Von Bismarck, to peacefully divide up the continent of Africa (Spielvogel and Mctighe 233-234).…

    • 1293 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During the 1870s and 1900’s, Africa faced European’s act of imperialist invasion, diplomatic pressures, invasions by the navy and militia, and eventually Africa encountered conquest and colonization. African’s did not like this and different cities and societies within Africa tried various forms of protection against the attempt to colonize their countries. Imperialism did not only occur in Africa but it also occurred in China and India. By looking at these documents and my knowledge I can conclude that the two main motivations underlying new imperialism in Africa were, wealth, power, Firstly, the wealth. Wealth was a key reason why imperialism started because many countries wanted to become more rich.…

    • 977 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The two countries who won the race to seize African colonies were France and Britain, France taking up the northwest of Africa and Britain taking up the eastern half. This motivated the other countries to gain more land because they didn’t want to be seen as less than Britain and France. Even though the Conference in Berlin split up the land, national competition could still be seen between the countries for power in Africa. “(T)his is what [England] must either do or perish: she must found colonies as fast and as she is able...that their first aim is to be to advance the power of England by land and sea,” says John Ruskin, a well regarded English intellectual. The countries were desperate for the most land in Africa, to increase their profit.…

    • 1057 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    In addition, the Ottoman Empire was ended and it’s territories and colonies shared between the British and the French. Conclusively, Imperialism began with European nations conquering vast expanses of the rest of the world, most notably Africa and Asia. However, when new land had become scarce, disputes became common and European powers resorted to attacking each other to strengthen and protect their empires .Alliances were formed in the best interest of the empires, and the shared resources and…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He also mentions that it 's the job of the superiors to civilize the inferiors (Doc #4). This is displaying a social impact on Africa. This makes France look like a helping country since they mention that they are inferior races and that the superior races must help them, even though they only made their country worse. Great Britain also did this as well when Sir Edward Hertslet created a map of all the countries the Europeans owned in Africa. On the key of the map next to the British, it says “possessions and protectorates”.…

    • 1090 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Due to the naval and imperial power of Britain, they were able to influence other states to the idea of abolishing the slave trade universally. Christian assumptions about the inherent unity of the human race as well as the Christian need to convert Africans to Christianity played a large role in influencing British opinions by this period. The trade continued however, well into the nineteenth-century, even if the idea of slavery was abolished. British participation in the trade continued, both legally and illegally. Their participation continued through the purchase of slaves for British colonies, the provision of goods, credit, insurance, and ships to foreign slave traders as well as more direct roles in the slave trade.…

    • 1942 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What Is Modernism?

    • 1274 Words
    • 6 Pages

    JMJ Christian Crispin Condron Dr. Daniel Clasby World Civilization April 27, 2016 Analyzing Primary Sources #2 Beginning in the nineteenth century the philosophy of “Modernism” through the current ruling governments started to take effect as Monarchies along with other governments around Europe were forced to change and react to the peoples wants and needs as a result of the ongoing revolutions occurring amongst that nation’s citizens. This sense of “Modernism” that these Monarchies were going through wasn’t a throwing away of culture and traditions and picking up new ones as you may see today, according to the traditionalist, but a “Modernism” of the “ridding away with the Horse and Buggy in exchange for the Automobile”. A change that was…

    • 1274 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During the nineteenth century many European countries were taking part in the ‘land grabs’ of African countries. This rapid development created new empires and expanded old ones; this became known as imperialism. In this essay four general motives that inspired Europe to its great imperial successes at the end of the nineteenth century will be discussed. These motives are: religious, strategic, economic and demographic. During the time of ‘land grabs’ of the African countries many Europeans wanted to control the inhabitants of these countries as well.…

    • 820 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Starting in the 1870 's, European countries began colonizing different areas of the world. Industrialization encouraged European nations to abide other countries for resources, such as Africa. They wanted more resources to fuel their industrial production. Many nations look towards Africa as resource because it had raw materials and was a great marketplace for industrial products. Slowly during the 19th and 20th centuries, many Europeans raced to gain the vast areas of Africa to obtain resources such as, gold and diamonds.…

    • 1808 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays