Differences Between Biomedical And Social Models Essay

1650 Words 7 Pages
Health can be defined from different perspectives, thus leading to wide and varied meanings of health, biomedical and social models are used to elucidate the views of ill-health. This paper will firstly compare and contrast between biomedical and social models. Secondly, it will discuss how and why the social model has become more applicable over the last fifteen decades. Consequently, its effectiveness in expounding high incidences of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in New Zealand (NZ) will be scrutinised.
The biomedical model narrows the definition of health into the absence of irregularity of the body whereas social models, for example the Biopsychosocial model, have broader determinants of health which include social, behavioural and psychological well-being, yet do not exclude biological factors. The former explains that illnesses are diagnosed by medical professionals and can be tracked down to one biomolecular root (Browne, 2005; Engel, 1977), looking only at the proximal causes, while the latter discriminates neither proximal nor distal causes (Cockerham, 2007). The reductionist framework of the biomedical model focuses on the disease and advocates that illnesses can be treated with drugs or surgical procedures without involving the patients’ emotions and experiences. In comparison, social models focus on the patients and their social norms, simultaneously recognising that negative emotions are deleterious to regimen (Borrell-Carrio,…

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