Theological Anthropology Vs Comparative Study

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Both the concepts of theological anthropology and comparative studies focus on different perspectives of the studies of religion. For instance, in the category of comparative studies, the separate fields of comparative theology and comparative religion provide the analyst with the ability to look at a particular religion with either an “insider” or “outsider” disposition. These differing outlooks allow one to enhance his or her own religious values through the research of another religion. As for theological anthropology, the analyst may gather information about the significance of humankind in relation to the Lord. Theological anthropology centers around the existence of man among several other critical questions. Both theological anthropology …show more content…
In one aspect, comparative religion allows the examiner to inspect a particular religion from an objective standpoint. The goals of comparative religion is not to assess the material in hopes to deepen further the faith of the interpreter. Instead, the goal of comparative religion is to review the “academic, sociological, or cultural anthropological” (class notes) disposition of the religion. An example of how the outside study of a religion becomes a necessary component in order to deepen one’s faith may be found in the Nostra Aetate document. In the Catholic document written during the Second Vatican Council, it says that the Catholic church sets itself to “work sincerely for mutual understanding and to preserve as well as to promote together for the benefit of all mankind’s social justice and moral welfare, as well as peace and freedom” (Nostra Aetate, 3). Through comparative religion, one may be lead to a deeper appreciation for their own religion. The confrontation of opposing ideas from different religions allows one to realize what concedes them to stand by their own faith, as well as gaining respect for other religions that do not share the same beliefs. In contrast to comparative religion, comparative theology allows a more critical analysis of the religion. Comparative theology “uses language of faith and commitment to a particular religion, rather than primarily sociological or cultural anthropology” (class notes). There are three main concepts to keep in mind while assessing other religions from the comparative theology disposition. The first is to have doctrinal humility, which endorses that the assessor 's own religion may have flaws in the essence of complete truth. No religion on Earth has ever answered all of life’s questions. Secondly, the assessor should be aware of the promise that they hold to their own religion. Through analysis, it is essential to

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