Compare And Contrast Social Cognitive And Behaviorism
Throughout the history of the psychology of personality, there have been many debatable questions of what influences one’s behavior and where did the behavior came from. As a result of many experiments, the effect of reinforcement or punishment seems to greatly influence one’s behavior sequence. This creates the ideal of modeling and shaping, by rewarding some of their behaviors and having punished others by using reinforcement. The idea of modeling and shaping significantly influences one’s behavior and their behavior pattern.
Theories of personality have taken different viewpoints over time as psychologists like Albert Bandura, B. F. Skinner, John Watson, and Ivan Pavlov describe …show more content…
In the Skinner box experiment, Skinner created a box chamber setting and using rats as the test animals. During the experiment, the rat would be given stimuli like light signals to produce a particular behavior like pulling a lever. As a result of producing this particular behavior, the rat was then rewarded. On the other hand, if the rat incorrectly and fails to produce the particular behavior, the rat would receive punishment.
Although both Bandura and Skinner’s theory sounded the same, but Bandura’s theory specifies that an individual can operate in the environment and produce or avoid consequences, yet learning behaviors through direct observation. This was not a resulting behavior of the environment. Unlike other behaviorist, “Skinner rejected the view that his ideas constituted a personality theory. He saw himself as replacing the personality theories with a new way of thinking about behavior. ” (Cervone & Pervin, 2008, p. 374)
Like Bandura, Skinner believes that shaping was the reason to complex behavior. In other words, the test subject would "shape" itself until it matches a desired behavior. "To Skinner, as children develop, they learn more and more responses as a result of naturally occurring reinforcement experiences" (Cervone & Pervin, 2008, p. …show more content…
By doing so, Watson and Rayner combined a stimulus that Little Albert was not afraid of, with a stimulus that produced fear like the noise produced when striking a hammer on a suspended bar. Watson and Rayner soon discovered that in response to Albert reaching for a rat, while adding the noise the bar made when struck behind Alfred’s head, Albert began to develop a fear of the rat. After a few experimental trials, the instant the rat alone was shown to Albert, he began to cry. ” (Powell, 2014, p.