Difference Between Reggio Emilia And Montessori Approach

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Introduction to Reggio Emilia approach and Montessori method

The Reggio Emilia approach emphasises on building relationships, respecting each child and the learning the power of the environment. The Montessori method, is based on self-directed learning and hands-on activities. History and significant features of the approaches

The Reggio Emilia approach was developed by psychologist Loris Malaguzzi, together with the parents in the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy after world war II. After the war, people thought children needed a different learning approach. It was believed that children’s personalities form in their early years of development. A “hundred languages” are used to express children’s thoughts and ideas. Therefore,
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The teacher provides necessary resources, including opportunities for children to learn in a safe and positive environment. The teacher thus gains the children’s trust, enabling them to build confidence and to try new things independently. Children are given uninterrupted blocks of time to work on self-corrective materials individually, which are arranged in ascending difficulty.

Similarities and differences of approaches
Similarities of Reggio Emilia approach and Montessori method
In both the Reggio Emilia approach and Montessori method, children use their senses to explore and direct their learning experience. For the Reggio Emilia approach, learning is done through collaborating. Meaning that any student can direct classroom learning. Using their” hundred languages”, the curiosity of the children inspires lessons through questioning and answering, learning through the environment followed closely by a teacher’s guidance.

Common to both Reggio Emilia and Montessori schools, there are no assessments to grade students. Instead, documentation and portfolio-building are used to keep track of students’ rates of success and participation as well as improvement. Parents and teachers closely support and work together in both
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As hands-on exploration imposts learning, teachers pay great attention to minor details such as texture and colour to gain student’s interest. Documentation also plays an important role in this approach. Documentations such as children’s artwork, writing, and objects collected from class outings are displayed.

In a Montessori, children are given the choice to select pre-prepared activities, work independently or to employ movement. Children have freedom to decide if they want work on activities, play or rest. However, choosing to play or rest the entire time is not allowed. In a Montessori class-room there is also age integrations, such that children of different ages will all be held in the same classroom instead of grouping children according to their age within a 12-month frame. sometimes, teachers can have the same students for three years.

On the other hand, the Reggio Emilia classroom groups its children more traditionally according to their

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