Difference Between Realism And Liberalism

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Register to read the introduction… Perhaps most prominent of these distinctions is the role of morality in international relations and the different ways in which it is viewed and treated. Morality in its most basic form is simply about right and wrong and is a matter of common, normative practice. Law is a codification of that practice and is a convection which is binding only so long as others abide by it. For realists, morality is a superfluous factor and has no part in international security considerations which are amoral and governed solely by power. This allows Realists to see the world very much in black and white and demonstrates why they see traditional security threats as being the only concern as it is traditional threats, such as conventional wars and acts of aggression that target the State, not the people. To Realists, what others term non-traditional security threats are merely components of the international system and have no tangible bearing directly on the State, and that being so, the primary referent for security studies must therefore be the State.

For liberalists the concept of morality is at the very heart of
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liberalism by somehow managing a blending of the two theories, or at least of having broken down some barriers to recognizing that concepts belonging in the liberalist realm actually can exist in the world of realism. Furthermore the role of morality, which is a cornerstone of liberalist thinking but one that is not even acknowledged in traditional realist thinking is, in Chinese defensive realism, given due consideration, perhaps though only because of a carry over of moral considerations in Chinese culture and warfare through the

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