Difference Between Punishment And Rehabilitation

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To understand what justice is, when pertaining to juveniles, it is important to examine the difference between the two choices: punishment and rehabilitation. Punishment can be defined, “In criminal law, as any pain, penalty, suffering, or confinement inflicted upon a person by the authority of the law and the judgment and sentence of a court, for some crime or offense committed by him, or for his omission of a duty enjoined by law.” (What is Punishment, n.d.) On the other side, rehabilitation can be described as the opportunity to transform criminals back into functioning members of society through means of different treatments, therapy, and other rehabilitative resources. For juvenile’s the process of transforming, or rehabilitation, has a greater opportunity, seeing that they are already still in the process of forming into the adult they are to become.
There are many different themes of each method of juvenile justice. To understand the difference, each aspect can be evaluated for comparison. First, the common types of punishment implemented for juvenile criminals include, but are not limited to, juvenile detention centers, juvenile boot camps, or even trial by adult court and sentencing, depending on the crime. For juvenile rehabilitation,
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Upon coming through the courts, after committing a crime, it is important to evaluate the overall contributing factors, in order to develop appropriate means of justice. The juvenile judge is able to hear reasoning and evaluate the factors that could have lead to the juvenile committing the crime. This is where it can be determined if the juvenile will receive punishment, or rehabilitation. Previously, the focus for juvenile justice has been more punitive in nature. Research shows a recent development with many efforts being placed in reforming the juvenile justice

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