Difference Between Productivity And Productivity

2187 Words 9 Pages
Literature Review


The terms production and productivity are often used interchangeably. But there is a difference between the two. Production refers to the total output of all employees at a point of time. Productivity refers to the output relative to the inputs per person or system with reference to a point of time. Stated more clearly, productivity refers to the amount of goods and services produced with the resources used . Several factors are thought to be correlated with low productivity. Some examples include business environment, bad attitude , management approach, leadership style, inappropriate behaviour or employee problem behaviour etc. This paper will analyze a contextual literature review on research that has been
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Some managers think of it as making employees work harder. Or that it is only about engaging in a massive organizational restructure. Or that it is about how fast you can get through emails. Whilst others think of it as always being punctual, getting the work done on or before time and so on. Productivity is a business result that can positively or negatively impact growth. Productivity is defined many ways.
Productivity is an economic concept. At its simplest, “productivity” is a measure of efficiency - how many goods or services are produced (output) given a certain amount of “inputs”. Inputs can include labour (e.g. numbers of workers and how many hours they work for), raw materials (e.g. quantities of wood, paper, nails) and tools or machinery (e.g. hammer, machine press, computer) Kaimahi.T, (n.d.).
Based on a study done on “factors affecting productivity,” the authors define productivity as the measure that shows how efficiently the required resources are utilized to achieve the objectives in terms of quantity and quality with reference to a point of time.
Productivity in its simplest form is value divided by time. Productivity can be influenced by either increasing the value or decreasing the time and cost that goes into creating the value (also called efficiency)
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A negative work culture is one which is retrogressive to organizational performance and employee relations (Mullins 2006). Some example of negative tendencies of this culture includes making yourself busy while doing nothing. Not taking responsibility. Not available for any hard task or job. Not cooperative. Discriminate people on the basis of colour, age, gender or religion. Blame other for your own fault. Such tendencies among workers or employers of an organization could drastically affect the working environment and growth of the organization.
There appears to be a deficit on the number of scholars who write on negative work culture. However, a workplace culture that undervalues and frustrates employees can mean that workers are unmotivated, creativity is not encouraged, employees are not given adequate tool to perform task effectively etc. In this environment employees might not give their best to the firm. Then the challenge of workplace productivity comes in to play. The management needed to discourage such negative tendencies in the organization because they affect

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