Difference Between Military And Community Policing Approach

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Executive Summary: Community Policing Approach v. Military Style Approach
After much research and thought it would be most beneficial to adopt the community oriented policing approach. In a world of increasing police violence there is an absolute need for change and improvement. Departments have been adopting community oriented policing approach while others have been adopting more military style approaches to counterterrorism.
The military approach of law enforcement involves an aggressive approach to crime control with borrowed tactics from the military and similar appearance in uniforms. Originally this approach took the form of SWAT teams in large departments, however; Bickel (2013) states that “since the early 1980s the use of SWAT teams
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Maximino (2015) defines community policing as, “a strategy that centers on the involvement of citizens in the design, implementation and evaluation of law-enforcement programs.” Maximino (2015) adds that “the key components (are) community partnerships, organizational transformation of the police and problem-solving activities — offer an alternative to traditional and reactive policing strategies.” The first advantage of the community policing approach is the ability to reduce fear in the community. When there are police officers that walk the beat, they form relationships with the community members in their beat, which is another advantage. These two advantages really work together because the better the relationship with the officers, the less fear the community will have. In addition, this approach can “facilitate more effective responses to community problems” (“Police: Community Policing,” n.d.). Every approach has some disadvantages, in this approach, “hostility between the police and neighborhood residents can hinder productive partnerships; increases in officers ' decision-making autonomy can lead to greater opportunities for police corruption; and resistance within the police organization can hamper community policing 's successful implementation” (“Police: Community Policing,” n.d.). A general advantage of community policing is that each community can …show more content…
Early studies in Flint, Michigan showed that foot patrol effectively reduced crime. “In a detailed examination of the implementation of a community-policing program in Chicago (the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy), the authors concluded that crime went down in those districts exposed to community policing (“Police: Community Policing,” n.d.).” Similarly, in Joliet, Illinois, the number of reported index crime decreased rapidly after almost two years of community policing. As for reduction of fear in citizens, studies in Flint, Michigan and Newark, New Jersey show that foot patrol contributed to the improved feelings of neighborhood safety. In police-community relations, studies show that cooperation between police and the community has had increased satisfaction. “In Flint, residents were so pleased with neighborhood foot patrols that they agreed to a tax increase in order that the program might continue, and in St. Petersburg, Florida, 85 percent of those residents who lived in community-policing areas of the city reported being "very" or "somewhat" satisfied with their neighborhood police services (“Police: Community Policing,” n.d.).” Perhaps an even better example of the successes of community policing approach is through New York Police Department. NYPD shifted its approach to zero-tolerance policing, an aggressive approach, and

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