Difference Between Human And Chimpanzee

1214 Words 5 Pages
A human being and a chimpanzee are quite similar not because of physical features but because of the DNA, they inherit and what makes these species so unique to one another. All living cells contain DNA, which is the basic unit for growing, reproducing, and surviving. DNA, Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid is comprised of 4 different types of bases; adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine that are proteins. These 4 bases rely on each other because of adenine pairs up with thymine, while cytosine pairs up with guanine. These different types of pairs rely on each other so that they can continue the process of making base pairs. If there is an omission, it will result in a mutation in the sequence and this will have to undergo the process of gene …show more content…
The difference is only 2% away from being the exact same thing. “The main measurement in this paper is a genetic divergence between two species. To calculate this over a stretch of sequence, we always counted the number of differences per base pair between the two species and normalized by the difference between human and macaque (or another outgroup) over the same stretch. This corrects for variability in mutation rate from locus to locus. In particular, it corrects for a high local mutation rate.” (Patterson, N., Richter, D. J., Gnerre, S., Lander, E. S., & Reich, D. (2006). Genetic evidence for complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature, 441(7097), 1103) The documentation talks about how they calculated the differences in the sequence pairs and what it corrects over the mutation rate. That is not the only thing that is different. If you look at chimpanzee they have a wider head and their entire body is covered with hair, unlike humans. This is because the chimpanzee gene is more active than the human gene is. Chimps have the capability to able to climb as well. The most important thing is when you look at 2% and your thinking that’s not a big difference. Well, you have to look at 6 billion letters of DNA there are 2% of differences adding up to 12 million differences as either a mutation or adding on to the …show more content…
There are significant differences between the bases in DNA humans and chimpanzees have. With the genetics of both species, there also could be mutations which mean that there could be some deletions or even cancellations which could cause the DNA to be different. So in reality with only a 2% difference in our DNA could lead to millions of differences in our DNA which may seem like a lot, but it is really not. There is more research that still needs to be done for this due to new technology coming out and more ideas to be tested for sequencing both species of

Related Documents