Examples Of Indeterminism

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We have all been raised to believe that we are free to make our own choices and create our own lives. We have all been told that we can do anything we want, and achieve anything at our own free will. But can we really? Are we all actually free? There are many views of what freedom is and how we achieve freedom, and I am going to argue that Ayer’s views of being free and not free are in fact correct. When talking about the philosophy of freedom and free will there are two ways the world can be. Determinism and indeterminism are the two concepts that determine freedom. Determinism is the belief that all events that occur are determined by prior events. Meaning that everything that has occurred now was only caused by prior events. Indeterminism …show more content…
This is defined when, a bodily movement X is an action of subject S ONLY IF a choice of S causes S’s bodily movement X. An example of the Causal Determination Principle is If Ted is propelled to the fridge by {seeing the game 's on; desiring to repeat the satisfactory experience of other Saturdays; feeling a bit thirsty; etc.}, such things look more like good reasons to have decided to get a beer, not like external physical events far beyond Ted 's control. These are how the conditions can be defined and explained.
The argument against freedom suggests that if we follow determinism we cannot be free because we fail the options principle by not having a choice if everything is determined by past events. And that if we follow indeterminism, we cannot be free, because people do not cause their bodily behaviors. The argument against freedom can be seen
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But only if one is constrained. Whether it be physically, or mentally constrained. When talking about physically constrained one cannot be free if they are in prison. They cannot act as who they want to be because they are locked in a prison and are controlled, or not allowed to do the things that they may choose if they were not in prison. A mental constrain could be a person who has OCD. This person is not free because their psychology is being affected by a disease in which if they did not have that ailment they would act differently, thus making them not free. In order to bring Ayer’s idea of freedom to the table, he created a principle. It is known as Ayer’s Principle. Ayers Principle can be defined when an action or choice X of a subject S is a free action or choice of S ONLY IF (i) S was not physically constrained;(ii) S was not psychologically constrained and so it is true that (iii) IF S would have had different properties and chosen differently/otherwise, THEN S would have acted differently/otherwise than

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