Difference Between Formulative And Exploratory Research Design

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Register to read the introduction… 2. 3. 4. 5. Helps formulating problem Helps developing working hypothesis Emphasises discovery of ideas & insights Flexible design Uses following methods B. EXPERIENCE SURVEY – Meeting people with practical experience for new outlook, ideas, advanced thinking, insight into relationship between variables – Raises many issues & questions – Provides practical possibilities C. ANALYSIS OF ‘INSIGHT STIMULATING INCIDENTS, EXAMPLES, ACCOUNTS & EPISODES – Consider areas with less experience & cases with sharp contrast – Reactions of stranger, marginal individuals & those in transition (e.g.,those leaving organisation, exit interviews, non users) – Examining existing records & probing with unstructured interviews; Tries to draw together diverse information for unified interpretation
Research Methodology 3 16

A. SURVEY OF LITERATURE - Simple & fruitful in formulating problem & developing hypotheses - Reviewing past studies for their hypotheses, findings & proposed problems - Knowing concepts & theories already developed & background of the problem
M S Sridhar, ISRO

Descriptive and Diagnostic Research
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Neither synchronic analysis (one time) nor diachronic analysis (study of stages) lead directly to discovery of universal social psychological principles or laws 2. Concentrates on ‘meaning system’, i.e., the whole sequence by which a social act is achieved in an episode 3. Concerned with speech which accompanies action (such speech is accounting) 4. Assumes that human being tend to be the kind of person his language, his tradition, his tacit and explicit knowledge tell him 5. Skills employed consists of common sense understanding of the social world
M S Sridhar, ISRO

Uses the Qualitative Analysis of Accounts
The total pattern of choice Similarities and differences Grouping items together Categorization of content Tracing a theme The study of omissions Reconstruction of a social life-world Generating and testing hypotheses Does network analysis of qualitative data

Research Methodology 3


Involves use of two or more methods of data collection (like navigators, military strategists & surveyors) Types of Triangulation in Research (Cohen and Manion, 1980) 1. Time
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al. Thesis and assignment writing. New Delhi: Wiley, 1970. 2. Best, Joel. Damned lies and statistics. California: University of California Press, 2001. 3. Best, Joel. More damned lies and statistics; how numbers confuse public issues. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004 4. Body, Harper W Jr. et.al. Marketing research: text and cases. Delhi: All India Traveler Bookseller, 1985. 5. Booth, Wayne C, et. al. The craft of research. 2 ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2003. 6. Chicago guide to preparing electronic manuscripts: For authors and publishers. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987. 7. Cohen, Louis and Manion, Lawrence. Research methods in education. London: Routledge, 1980. 8. Goode, William J and Hatt, Paul K. Methods on social research. London; Mc Graw Hill, 1981. 9. Gopal, M.H. An introduction to research procedures in social sciences. Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1970. 10. Koosis, Donald J. Business statistics. New York: John Wiley,1972. 11. Kothari, C.R. Research methodology: methods and techniques. 2 ed., New Delhi: Vishwaprakashan,

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