Difference Between Equal Opportunity And Affirmative Action

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“In institutions of higher education, affirmative action refers to admission policies that provide equal access to education for those groups that have been historically excluded or underrepresented, such as women and minorities. Affirmative action is an outcome of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, intended to provide equal opportunities for members of minority groups and women in education and employment” (NCOSL).
Affirmative action policies, at first were established in order to improve the lives and opportunities presented to the African American community in regards to education and employment opportunities. The Brown v. Board of Education decision put a stop to segregation in schools, but when it came to higher education, the diversity
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Equal Opportunity policies “mean freedom from discrimination on the basis of protected classes such as race, color, sex, national origin, religion, age, disability or genetic information” (SFHRM). The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and its state counterparts enforce Equal Opportunity in the workplace. These policies give everyone a fair playing field when it comes to employment or promotion chances. Certain groups are not pursued, instead, those under consideration are given the same scrutiny as any other person would receive. Everyone is put into consideration, no matter who the person is.
Affirmative action policies work to undo what has previously transpired in America in regards to discrimination. Under Affirmative action, schools, or employers seek out minorities for hire or for admittance. This policy is intended to prevent discrimination and to enhance
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The only group that Affirmative Action should not apply to is the white majority. White privilege largely prevents them from experiencing the crippling effect of discrimination. There is no doubt that a white person is usually chosen over a person of color. Those entering the country whom have not experienced any injustice here in the past, soon will. Some whom are part of the majority are xenophobic, and they do not trust foreigners. Whether it is based on their ethnic name, religious affiliations, or the color of their skin, incoming immigrants will most certainly experience the American society of intolerance and its lack of

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