Difference Between Dual And Cooperative Federalism

Great Essays
Federalism, which has been shaped by separation of powers and a two party electoral system, allows American citizens living in different parts of the country to be treated differently, allowing more opportunities to exist for participation in decision-making. Most American citizens favor the separation of powers because it keeps the national government in check. However, there are many policies in place that conflict with national and state government powers. The Tenth Amendment provides that the powers not granted to the federal government are reserved to the states or the people; therefore, there should be more of an equal distribution of power. Since the founding of the constitution, which aimed to create a federal system of government, …show more content…
By definition, Dual Federalism is where “The national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate,” which is the ideal form of Federalism because it keeps the powers separate but equal (Wilson 3-1c). Overtime Federalism has changed from Dual to Cooperative because different policies have changed with different United States Presidents, for example President Roosevelts New Deal Program. The idea of Cooperative Federalism can be defined as, “the federal and state governments share power in many policy areas (Wilson 3-1c).” Other factors for this change could include the U.S. Constitution been amended twenty-seven times and social programs like Obamacare testing the boundaries of federal power. There has even been a push for a “Devolution Revolution,” attempting to return many functions to the states. But the controversial task has not been easy, since so many national responsibilities are now shared with the …show more content…
On the contrary, one example that does not follow this model is the legalization of Marijuana. Marijuana is illegal under Federal Law, but California, Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Alaska, and the District of Columbia have legalized recreational marijuana and 19 other states have legalized some form of medicinal marijuana (Wilson 3-1). On the other hand, there are other instances that show that Federalism is compromised through the use of Federal Aid such as Grants, which influences state governments to shape their policies around the national government’s interest. This is how the national government has “gained” more power over the years, although in their eyes it is the federal government just working together with the states, hence Cooperative Federalism. “The federal system limits the ability of the federal government to use state governments as an instrument of the national government, as held in Printz v. United States (Wilson).” However, where Congress has the power to implement programs, there are certain incentives that encourage States to become the instruments of different national policies. Congress often seeks to exercise its powers by offering or encouraging States to implement national programs consistent with national minimum standards. If the States don’t follow the rules or conditions of that mandate, federal funding will be cut. For example,

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    In this system powers are divided between the state and the Federal government. The separation of powers this way is important because the states existed first, they all had different ideas and it was the Federal government that brought all the states together as one nation. The reason why people wanted the federal system was because they feared that having one powerful government would diminish the whole point of liberty. The federal system is important because it prevents arguments from breaking out. Because of the federal system the state government has things to take care of, such as education,police departments, driving licenses etc.…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    How did federalism separate powers between state and national government? How is the federal system divided? Firstly, federalism is a form of government that shares powers between the state and national government and it allows the states to fit their own needs. Federalism was created because Framers believed that governmental power poses a threat to the liberty of individuals. This limits the power of the government in order to prevent power abuse from the national government.…

    • 750 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Benefits Of Federalism

    • 844 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The local governments are more capable of resolving the problems of the minority (“WHY FEDERALISM?”) that the national government wouldn’t be able to take note of. In addition, this allows the national government and state government to work together to deal with foreign and domestic issues by splitting the work. While the executive branch deals with foreign affairs, the Senate takes care of the people's needs. The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was put into place by President Monroe. This doctrine prevented the Eastern Hemisphere from attacking the Western Hemisphere, simultaneously protecting South America from being colonized and protecting American…

    • 844 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Yes, they were trying to be different than the British government, but the government needs to have a certain amount of power to be able to enforce the laws it puts out. With these laws in place it would’ve been chaos, and the United States wouldn’t have been united anymore. The Declaration was different. It was thoroughly thought through and was designed with an end goal in mind, while the Articles seemed to be a stand-in. The Declaration supported things like exercising sovereignty between the states and government, a separate federal court system to settle matters between the states, congress has power to lay and collect taxes, and both the central government and state government can act on the people (Comparison of Constitution and Articles of Confederation).…

    • 1565 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Therefore, we must consider whether it would be in our best interests to be one nation, with one federal government, or divide into individual, sovereign States or separate confederacies, each with “national” powers.”1 I believe this to be true in relation to our nation’s security as well. We have sacrificed part of our privacy after terror attacks on our nation in order for the greater good. “Liberty is the freedom from the government’s control” 2 but without some control we are left vulnerable to those with greater means and power. “Limited Government is the principle of the constitutional government, a government whose powers are defined and limited by a constitution.”2 It is explained that the government is necessary due to the natural drive of men to oppress or control others of lesser means of power or status than his own. 1.…

    • 624 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Medical Marijuana Legalization Recently, Medical marijuana has been a big controversy. The government has been debating whether or not they should legalize it. As of right now the congress have left states to decide. Since it is still illegal under the federal government all together then a person can still get in trouble for it. The legalization of marijuana would be beneficial to a lot of people.…

    • 1151 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Federalism is the political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments. The balance and boundaries between the national and state government have changed greatly. For the framers of the constitution federalism was a way to minimize conformity costs. they knew they couldn’t come up with an exact list of everything the government could and could not being that there will be time where it might has to be some add on to the list. So they add the elastic language to the Article I. where congress will have the power to make any laws which will be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers.…

    • 763 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution helped shape the debate between the states, the federal government, and their citizens. The Articles of Confederation were designed primarily to divest power from the national government and protect state interests. The US Constitution set up the framework for a strong national government capable of collecting taxes and raising armies. The debate between these two documents led to compromises between the states to ensure that neither general democracy nor small state representatives held too much power but received equal participation. Representatives faced challenges of western territory disposal, slavery as population, and the problem of popular democracy.…

    • 1182 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Hobbes believed that the state was one body, but it had individual parts. This is reflected in the Constitution because it gives each state the right to rule within their state, but then all the states have to some together to form our nation as a whole. This is seen specifically in the tenth amendment when the power not specifically given to the federal government through the constitution is given to the states. Mill believed that the country should be ruled by the majority but the minority should be protected. This is how our country works, we make decisions by voting and the majority wins, but there are rules in place to protect the minority during this time.…

    • 1085 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Conservatism

    • 1365 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Over the past centuries the American people evolve their own ideas and have expanded their views on the government from holding them back. Which makes you think that Conservatism is incompatible with democracy. Conservatism is founded on deception because of its prejudice and inequality, which makes it to be a destructive system to the Untied States. I think the solution to get past the idea is that the government needs to stop whining with one another and figure out how to make the Unites States a stronger country. I like the idea of John Stuart Mill (1899) that the power of the government should only be used is if there is harm coming to an individual.…

    • 1365 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays