University of Phoenix
Definition of Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is the process that involves the conceptualization, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of information gathered by observation, communication, reflection or experience (Ellis, 2015). Edward Glaser defines critical thinking as attitude, knowledge, and skill, and believes all three factors make up critical thinking as a whole (Glaser, 1941).
Steps in Critical Thinking
There are six steps in the critical thinking process. These interconnected skills help to analyze, integrate, and evaluate what is read and heard. The first step is knowledge, which is the main topic point. The second step is comprehension, which is to understand the information that is read, heard, or visualized. Thirdly is application, which involves knowing and applying the comprehended information. The fourth step involves analysis, which is the process of analyzing and deciphering the gathered …show more content…
Critical thinking has two components. There is a motivation underlying critical thinking, and this causes the process to vary. Critical thinking can be grounded in motives that are selfish, which causes skillful manipulation of particular ideas. Critical thinking can also be grounded in fair-mindedness and integrity, which involves a higher order of intellectual conduct; however, this can be subject to the charge based on the idealism of individuals focused on selfish motives. Having a high ethical standard will promote fair and just critical thinking skills to develop ethical decisions both on professional and social levels. It is the professional and societal responsibility of each individual to uphold a high standard of ethics to ensure fairness to all parties (Elder & Paul, 2013; Ellis,