Composers of the early phase showed more interest in homophonic texture rather than polyphonic texture of Renaissance music. By the time of the middle phase, Baroque music spread all over the countries of Europe. During the late phase polyphonic texture returned to favor. Most of the Baroque music that we hear today is from the late phase. In the late Baroque period instrumental music became more important than before. In the following paragraphs, I will compare and contrast the music of the Renaissance and the Baroque period in details.
Vocal music was more important to Renaissance composers, because they thought that it improves the meanings and emotions of a piece of music. People’s interest in language was another reason too. Renaissance composers used word painting to create musical representations of different poetic images. For example, a descending melody was used to create a representation of descending words from heaven,