Did Augustus Restore the Republic? Essay

2497 Words Jan 3rd, 2013 10 Pages
ANCH 313 AUGUSTUS AND THE ROMAN REVOLUTION

Samuel Francis Kelly
2013146550

ASSESSMENT 3 SYNOPSIS WORD COUNT: 98 ESSAY WORD COUNT: 2166

SYNOPSIS
“I transferred the Republic from my power to the dominion of the senate and people of Rome” Did Augustus Restore The Republic?

Augustus clearly made an impression in European history achieving much, conquering many and controlling the majority, he did not restore the republic. Adopting a piecemeal strategy, Augustus gradually silenced potential threats to his ambitions to control the Roman Empire under the semblance of restoring the Republic. Deceitful in masking his intent, Augustus acted as if he was reconstituting the Republic, using this as a device to conceal his intent, creating
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However, this is not to say the Roman senate were not aware of this; the position of Octavian during the early principate developed much more organically than anyone could ever have expected. The desire for subtle, gradual change is mirrored in the fact that Octavian spent considerable time acquiring the powers associated with the principate. Upon being voted censorial powers in 29BC Octavian attended to all business of the empire with more zeal than ever.6 However, this agreement was flawed; military rivals remained a threat. More power was required.

Octavian required a solution to silence these threats. He achieved this in 27BC when he went so far as to summon the magistrate and the senate to his house, and submit an account of the general condition of the empire7, and then through a great display of political tact, resigned. The senate implored Octavian to stay in office by offering him a
5 6

Suetonius, T., 28.1-2 Dio Cassius, 53.21.1-2 7 Suetonius, T., 28.1-2

new set of powers, and a new title, the senate in accord with the people of Rome hails thee Father of thy Country.8 Octavian reluctantly and humbly accepted; ‘Having attained my highest hopes, Fathers of the Senate, what more have I to ask of the immortal gods than that I may retain the same unanimous approval of your to the very end of my life.’ 9 Augustus was born. The threat from military rivals was silenced however, several flaws still existed. More power was required. Power far

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