Dialectical Behavior Therapy ( Dbt ) Essay

1076 Words Jun 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a Third Wave Therapy created by Marsha Linehan in the 1970’s. It is derived from a cognitive behavioral perspective. In high school Linehan wanted to become a psychiatrist and work with the most mentally disturbed patients. She realized, however, that there weren’t a lot of effective treatments for these patients. She then decided to earn a PhD in experiential personality psychology (Prochaska & Norcross 2014).
Linehan wanted to work with the most difficult patients, but she realized they often were not willing to participate. She theorized that comprehensive psychotherapy should meet the following five vital functions:
“1. Enhance and maintain the client’s motivation to change
2. Enhance the client’s capabilities
3. Ensure that the client’s new capabilities are generalized to all relevant environments
4. Enhance the therapist’s motivation to treat clients while also enhancing the therapist’s capabilities
5. Structure the environment so that treatment can take place” (What is DBT? 2016).
In an effort to fulfill these requirements, she created a dialectical therapy. “The term ‘dialectical’ means a synthesis or integration of opposites. The primary dialectic within DBT is between the seemingly opposite strategies of acceptance and change” (What is DBT? 2016). Acceptance borrows from Carl Roger’s unconditional positive regard. DBT helps patients cope with powerful, overwhelming emotions when working to change habits or putting themselves…

Related Documents