Diagnostic Criteria For Smartphone Addiction Essay
In total, 282 young adults were recruited from Department of Electrical Engineering and of Computer and Communication Engineering of two universities in Northern Taiwan from December 2012 to June 2015. The recruitment strategy was based on the potential higher penetration rate of smartphone use among these students. In addition, male college students are the most high risk group in Internet addiction [19-21]. One participant with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) was excluded from our study. Of these, 233 were male and 48 were female, with a mean age of 20.9 ± 1.6 years. All participants were provided written inform consent. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of National Taiwan University Hospital. The investigation was carried out in accordance with the latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki.
Diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction
We proposed a list of diagnostic criteria for smartphone addiction with three parts: the first part (criteria A) consisted of the symptoms of smartphone addiction and the second part (criteria B) described the functional impairment which was secondary to smartphone use. The final part was the exclusion criteria to rule out manic episodes and OCD (criterion C).
In criteria A, we developed twelve candidate diagnostic criteria to identify the characteristic symptoms of smartphone addiction based on the Diagnostic Criteria of Internet Addiction for College Students (candidate criterion A1-9)…