Diagnosis Of Knowledge And Practice Of Hospital Support Staff On Infection Prevention
1.1 STUDY BACKGROUND
Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) also referred to as Nosocomial infections are those infections occurring in a patient during the process of care in a hospital or any other health care facility that was not manifesting or incubating at the time of admission (Nejad, Allegranzi, Syed, Ellis & Pittet, 2011). Nosocomial Infections are not limited to the patients; they also include occupational infection among facility staff including the support staff who also come into contact with the patients. The burden of nosocomial infections is considerably high in developing countries (WHO, 2009).They affect about 5-15% of patients admitted in regular wards and more than half of patients in critical care units (Vincent, 2009).
In Thailand, it was found that HAB (Hospital Acquired Bacteraemia) and HCAB (Health care associated bacteraemia) together contributed to 26.8% of the total bacteraemia cases diagnosed during the 7-year study (Hongsuwan et al., 2014). Another study done in Kenya indicated that mortality in patients with nosocomial bacteraemia was 53% compared to 24% in community acquired bacteraemia (Aiken et al., 2011). This shows the impact of such infections on hospitalized patients.
Despite advancement in Public health and hospital care, infections continue to develop in hospitalized patients and may also affect hospital staff…