Diabetic Pregnancy Case Study

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Coronary risk factors and risk of diabetic cardiovascular complications:
Diabetes usually occurs among elderly as part of metabolic syndrome, which includes abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and all these factors can act to promote diabetic complications so aggressive treatment of diabetes and associated coronary risk factors is recommended to prevent diabetic complications (Fowler 2008) (Boyle 2007).

The main cause of death in diabetic patients is cardiovascular complications which is higher among those with other risk factors as (hypertension, smoking and dyslipidemia) so treatment programs for diabetic patients should include lifestyle changes as weight reduction, increase physical activity and change dietary habits as decrease dietary fat to help control diabetes and coronary risk factors (Leiva et al., 2005), (American Diabetic Association 2013), (Forbes and Cooper 2013).
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Women have higher mortality rates from coronary artery disease mostly because they have higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, they underuse diagnostic or therapeutic interventions, severity of infarction, and response to treatment among women’s (Marrugata et al., 2001), (Kam et al., 2002), (Sharma & Ganguly 2005).
At younger age the risk of CAD is more at men due to higher smoking rate that will decrease HDL cholesterol level (Jousilahti et al.,

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