It all starts with the consumption of food that contains carbohydrates. The carbohydrates are then metabolized into a type of sugar called glucose. The body needs glucose because glucose is a source of energy for the cells. After being metabolized, glucose moves into the bloodstream and the body detects that the blood glucose level is rising. In response to this, the pancreas, which is a little gland that sits underneath the stomach, starts releasing a hormone called Insulin. And it’s insulin that helps our bodies get the energy from the food we eat. The bloodstream then takes the glucose and the insulin to every cell in our bodies that needs it. The body functions best when the blood glucose is at an optimum level. It doesn’t
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In type 1 diabetes, carbohydrate-containing food is broken down into glucose as normal, which then moves into the bloodstream. Normally, the body would produce insulin to transport that glucose into the cells. But in type 1 diabetes, there is no insulin being produced, and the glucose can’t get into the cells at all. This causes the level of glucose in the blood to rise at abnormal levels. So, the body tries to lower the glucose by using the kidneys that plays a role in urination. Therefore, individuals with type 1 diabetes urinate quite often in a day. The urine contains ample of glucose that creates an environment where it’s quite easy for bacteria to thrive. The main symptoms of type 1 diabetes include both thirst and excessive urination, blurred vision caused by the high glucose, slow healing of wounds, tiredness, weight loss and thrush or genital itching. These symptoms can be reversed in a short amount of time once the diabetes is treated with insulin. This is why type 1 diabetes is often called insulin-dependent diabetes because of the use of syringes, insulin pens or pumps that inject insulin into the bloodstream.
Type 2 diabetes is most common in about 85% of the population in people over 40 in the white population and in people over 25 in the African American and south Asian population. Type 2 is a little more complex because there are more processes involved. Either the body isn’t producing enough