Diabetes : The Third Leading Cause Of Death Essay

894 Words Mar 25th, 2016 4 Pages
Introduction Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the Unites States (U.S.), approximately 29.1 million Americans, 9.3% of the U.S. population have a diagnosis of diabetes, additionally, 8.1 million individuals remain undiagnosed, and 86 million people are pre-diabetic; 90% are unaware of their pre-diabetes status (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2014). Lifetime risk of developing diabetes is 40% for most Americans; and 50% for ethnic groups at increased risk such as, American Indians; African Americans; and Hispanics (CDC, 2014). Glucose is the body’s primary source of energy; its absorption is highly dependent on insulin, a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. Insulin acts as a key, which is responsible for glucose metabolism; without insulin the body is not capable of absorbing, or storing glucose for future use. Diabetes arises if a problem ensues with the body’s ability to absorb glucose, due to insulin resistance or deficiency: either the body’s tissues develop a tolerance to endogenous insulin, or the beta cells in the pancreas cease insulin production resulting in elevated levels of glucose in the blood, known as hyperglycemia. Prolonged periods of hyperglycemia cause several vascular and neurological complications, such as neuropathy and vascular disease leading to blindness, cardiac disease, kidney failure, and limb amputations (Deshpande, Harris-Hayes & Schootman, 2008). Risk factors associated with the development…

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