Diabetes : The Common Metabolic Disorder Essay

1297 Words Jun 13th, 2016 null Page
Diabetes is defined as a serious disease in which the body cannot properly control the amount of sugar in your blood because it does not have enough insulin (Merriam-Webster, 2016). It is the most common metabolic disorder out of various lifestyle diseases, and it is associated with many complications. The condition forms because of peculiarities in metabolism of carbohydrates and insulin integration. Diabetes is a chronic health disease, as it affects millions of Americans and increases risk for developing disease-related complications such as cardiovascular disease, blindness, neuropathy, stroke, renal failure, amputation, and more. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1, once known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The resulting lack of insulin causes excess blood and urine glucose. In other words, this is a beta cell deficiency leading to complete lack of insulin. It is referred to as an autoimmune disease where there are anti-insulin cell antibodies present in blood, which cause lymphocytic infiltration and destruction of the pancreas islets. The pancreatic islets are responsible for producing the hormone insulin, which help the body absorb glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy. The destruction may take time but the onset of the disease is rapid, with an onset…

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