Diabetes Of The American Diabetes Association Essays

1588 Words Oct 8th, 2015 7 Pages
According to the American Diabetes Association, over twenty-nine million Americans have diabetes (American Diabetes Association). There are approximately 1.7 million new people diagnosed with diabetes each year (Mayo Clinic, 2011). With these startling statistics it is not surprising that diabetes remains the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. This disease affects the way the body utilizes glucose (blood sugar). There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 occurs when one’s body attacks the insulin-producing cells in the body. Without these cells, sugar cannot be transported into the cells and instead builds up in the bloodstream. This type is common in young adults and children. Type 2 diabetes occurs when “your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance” (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Similar to what happens in type 1, sugar then builds up in the blood stream instead of entering the cells. High blood sugar levels can lead to a variety of negative health effects such as kidney disease, vision loss, stroke, heart disease and neuropathy (Sokol-McKay, 2011). Although the exact cause of diabetes is unknown, it is believed that a combination of environmental and genetic factors lead to its development. Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent type in this country and also the most preventable. Although some risk factors are uncontrollable, living a healthy lifestyle can have…

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