Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, And Treatments

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Diabetes Mellitus
The human body is a perfectly balance organism that needs to be in a state of homeostasis( balance) in order to function properly. Certain conditions however, can cause a disruption in the bodies equilibrium. Diabetes mellitus is a common disease that disrupts the bodies normal sugar levels leading to hyperglycemia (high blood sugar in the blood). There are 2 different types of diabetes mellitus; type 1 and type 2. Knowing the difference between diabetes type 1 and type 2 it’s crucial in order to provide proper treatment to people with living with the disease.
To understand diabetes mellitus, it’s fundamental to have an understanding in the anatomy and pathophysyiology behind it. First off, it’s important to point out that
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Hypoglycemia occurs when the sugar levels are below the normal range. Hypoglycemia is when sugar levels are below 70 mg/dL (ATI Nursing Education, 2014). In hypoglycemia, the body is low on sugar and as mentioned before sugar equals energy. Therefore, in hypoglycemia the body is depleted of energy and it’s way of letting the person know that it’s low of energy it’s by manifestations of feeling week, dizzy, cold, headache, blurred vision, confusion, diaphoresis, hunger, nausea, vomiting, and palpitations (Diabetes Prevention Program, R. G. 2005). One of the causes of hypoglycemia is administering insulin above the require amounts. Their needs to be a balance between the amounts of sugar available even when insulin is being used to lower glucose levels. Overdose of insulin will cause hypoglycemia. Not enough food in the body can also cause hypoglycemia. Excessive exercising will also lead to hypoglycemia due the fact that exercising requires a great expenditure of energy. If hypoglycemia is left untreated it can lead to seizures, coma, and even death. The best way to treat hypoglycemia is by consuming sugar. An individual can correct the blood sugar imbalance by 4 oz. of a fluid with sweetener such as orange …show more content…
These impediments are known as micro vascular complications. Diabetes mellitus affects the capillaries, meaning that it affects the smallest blood vessels in the body by reducing the blood flow (Rosdahl & Kowalsaki, 2012). Our blood has many important functions. One of the main functions is oxygenation and exchange of nutrients. As blood circulates trough the body, it brings oxygen and nutrients to all the cells. Without oxygen and necessary nutrients, the cells of the body start to die. The eye is perfect example of an organ that has high number of tiny small vessels. Diabetic retinopathy is defined blindness that occurs due to damage to the small blood vessels in the retina (Rosdahl & Kowalsaki, 2012). Nephropathy is another complication caused by damage to the small blood vessels. Nephropathy is another term for kidney disease. Diabetic neuropathy on the other hand, causes nerve damage. For example, a person may experience sensory changes such as numbness, tingling, pain, and even lack of sensation (Diabetes Prevention Program, R. G.

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