Types Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus is a hormonal disorder of the pancreas. Diabetes Mellitus is a lifelong metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from a lack of insulin, which requires lifestyle and behavioral changes. There are three types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 that are separate and distinct pathophysiological entities, and Gestational Diabetes. According to Kowalski (2012 p.1294) “Type 1 Diabetes results from destruction of the pancreatic beta cells because the beta cells of the pancreas have been damaged or destroyed by an autoimmune response.” It attacks against the insulin-producing beta cells that are secreted by the pancreas. The nonstop destruction of the beta cells leads to complete insulin deficiency. Insulin is the most vital hormone that is produced by the pancreas to maintain blood glucose levels and is essential for utilization of glucose in cellular metabolism and for proper metabolism of protein and …show more content…
Symptoms of hypoglycemia are blurry vision, rapid heartbeat, headache, cold and clammy and loss of consciousness. To treat a person who is hypoglycemic can be as simple as giving those carbohydrates such as orange juice, milk, soda, candy or a turkey sandwich. If it doesn’t increase glucagon may be administered. Hyperglycemia is an increased amount of sugar in the blood; anything over 120mg/dL. Symptoms of hyperglycemia are close to those of hypoglycemia, but still have some differences. According to Kowalski (2012 p.1303) “The client experiences weakness, drowsiness, vomiting, thirst, abdominal pain, and dehydration.” Treatment is eating a well-balanced diet along with adequate exercise and antidiabetic

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