Diabetes Mellitus As A Chronic Metabolic Disorder Essay

732 Words Nov 30th, 2015 3 Pages
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that affects millions of people in the United States. There are two types of diabetes, and type 2 is the most prevalent type at 90% of all cases. Different from type 1 diabetes, which is a complete need for insulin replacement, type 2 diabetes is caused by a resistance to insulin made by the pancreas as well as a deficiency in insulin. This resistance and deficiency is usually caused by lifestyle risk factors including body weight, diet, and sedentary activity. Diet plays a major role because food eaten cannot be utilized the proper way when it comes to carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and “sugar”. Patient’s are at risk for hyperglycemia, an extreme level of blood glucose, when this disease process is happening, leading to damaging effects of the body systems.
Within the body, there is a balancing system of insulin and glucagon to maintain adequate levels of blood glucose. Insulin, produced by the pancreas, is a major factor in controlling high levels of blood glucose when food in ingested and broken down into usable forms of energy. Glucagon, produced by the liver, is also a major factor in controlling low levels of blood glucose when there is not enough in the body to control a steady state of balance. When the insulin and glucagon are utilized in the body, insulin works to breakdown the glucagon to convert into glucose. During type 2 diabetes the areas where insulin is broken down, such as fatty tissue, are not as…

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